This is a picture of Crown Casino in Melbourne, the capital of the Commonwealth of Australia. On this page you can read about the legislation, rules, licensing, taxation system of the various forms of games of chance and online gambling in Australia, including: poker, bingo, lottery, sports betting, cryptocurrency wagering, and a list of online gambling sites which accept players from the country.
Australia Gambling Guide

Gambling is legal in Australia since 1810 (officially the Commonwealth of Australia, population of 25.8 million), and the first form of gambling that was legalized was horse racing betting. Land-based gambling is largely regulated on a state-level (but it can not contravene federal gambling legislation, in case of conflict, federal, Commonwealth laws always supersede local laws).

History of gambling in Australia1:

1810 – horse racing betting becomes legal, first horse racing track opens

1850s – every bigger city in Australia has a horse racing track (a.k.a hippodrome), and betting on horse racing is a popular pastime among the middle and upper classes

1880s – lottery is legalized, the first lotteries are authorized, these are private lotteries and raffles, this makes gambling accessible to the lower social classes as well, for the first time

1913 – world’s first automatic totalisator invented in Australia by George Julius

1916 – first Golden Casket Lottery is held (Golden Casket is the official lottery of Queensland)

1920s – lotteries are becoming very popular, very fast, private lotteries are outlawed asa result, lotteries become a monopoly of the state governments

1956 – first pokies appear in the country, it is The Clubman poker machine, introduced by Ainsworth Consolidated Industries

1973 – casinos are legalized, the first casino license is issued to Wrest Point Hotel Casino in Tasmania

1979 – first televised Lotto draw was held in this year

1996 – interactive sports betting is legalized (first in the Northern Territory)

2001 – the The Interactive Gambling Act passes, which regulates online gambling

2017 – Interactive Gambling Amendment Act 2017 is passed

2019 – improvements to player protection and combating problem gambling, introduction of the National Self-Exclusion Register

UPDATE 2021: The biggest recent change in the Australian gambling sector is the global coronavirus pandemic, which decimated the land-based gaming venues and resulted in permanent closures, loss of casino jobs, and severely damaged the tourism and hospitality sector.

Because Australia is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, the six states and the ten territories have a large degree of autonomy when it comes to the regulation of land-based gambling. This is similar to the situation in the Untied Sates of America and Canada. You can see a detailed breakdown by states and territories below.

The forms of gambling, which are usually legal in the Australian states are the following: 

  1. lottery (both at physical lottery retailers and online, monopoly of the state, but sometimes operated by a private company);
  2. casino gambling (all states in Australia have at least one casino, also online casinos with sever restrictions, usually limited to the premise are also legal in some states)
  3. wagering and sports betting (both at brick & mortar bookmakers, sports books and online);
  4. electronic gaming machines, slot machines, or ‘pokies’ (in slot halls, or in some states venues with liquor licenses can have pokies too)
  5. bingo (for profit or non-profit)
  6. poker (in the licensed casinos)

 

A detailed breakdown, state by state (+ territories) can be found below.

Online gambling on the other hand, is regulated on a Commonwealth level. Online gambling is legal Australia for licensed companies, since 2001, according to the The Interactive Gambling Act 20012 and the Interactive Gambling Amendment Act 20173, and their amendments. The detailed and often amended Interactive Gambling Act also makes certain forms of online games of chance entirely illegal on a federal level, you can see these in the detailed breakdown below.

/Comment: Technically both gambling and online gambling are illegal, and only exceptions are provided by either the federal government or the regional governments. However, this is just confusing legalese, and has no real bearing on ordinary players. Just a fun fact./

UPDATE COVID-19: The coronavirus pandemic, by devastating the casino sector, put the spotlight on internet gambling platforms. Many gaming companies started digital gambling sites as a means to counteract declining revenue, or just to survive. The resulting discussion and activity in a sector, will likely result in long-lasting changes.

 

By scrolling below, you can find a list of online casinos accepting Australian players. Because of the aforementioned complex legal satus of internet gambling, very few online casinos and online sports betting platforms accept players from Australia.

 

Problem gambling in Australia

The reason for the strict regulation of internet betting and wagering is to protect the Australian people from the negative effects of online gambling, according to the government.

/Comment: The actual main reason was to increase tax revenue form the sector, and make unlicensed gambling websites, which didn’t pay any taxes, illegal./

Problem gambling was a serious social issue in Australia. About 80% of the Australian population participates in some form of gambling regularly. And about 500 000 of these players are at severe risk of becoming problem gamblers, adversely affecting not only themselves, but their families, and communities as well4 (aboriginal Australians are especially adversely affected,
Indigenous Australians are overrepresented among gambling addicts).

The effects of the Interactive Gaming Act on problem gambling are somewhat questionable. The most problematic form of gambling in Australia were and still are slots and video poker machines, or ‘pokies’, as they are called locally*. One in six gamblers who use such machines regularly has a serious addiction, and that number hasn’t decreased significantly. The Interactive Gaming Act has done little to thwart the use of gaming machines, the biggest contributor to problem gambling and gambling addiction. They can still be played legally at the numerous land-based gambling establishments, and licensed venues in Australia.

 

*Pokies definition: Pokies can mean slot machines or video poker machines. In fact, any gambling machine can be called a pokie, not just video poker machines

 

UPDATE 2021: Australia recently introduced the National Self-Exclusion Register, which allows people to voluntarily exclude themselves from gambling establishments or online gambling platforms.

 

If you are interested you can learn much more about the problem with gambling addiction in Australia, by watching the following video:

 

Betting on blood sports in the Commonwealth of Australia

Blood sports and betting on blood sports is illegal on a federal level in Australia.

 

Can tourists play online while visiting Australia?

Yes, but tourists are also limited to licensed online gambling sites, because, according to the gambling legislation, it applies to “to persons present in Australia” (Interactive Gambling Act – Section 15 Offence) , not just legal residents.

You can find the online gambling websites, which accept tourists from Australia below.

 

Gambling licensing in Australia

Land-based gambling licensing and regulation is done regionally, on a state level. You can find information about the licensing authorities, licensing processes, fees and requirements of each state and territory in the details list below.

Online gambling licensing (internet gaming licence) is also done on a state level. However,the regulatory body of online gambling activities in the country is the Australian Communication and Media Authority (ACMA), which is functioning on a Commonwealth level.

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The picture must be 150x150 pixels. Contact me through the live chat, it's in the bottom right corner of the website, or in the comments section at the bottom of this page, with a link to the website you wish to advertise. If you qualify, I will give you my email address where you can send everything (I won't be putting my email address on the page, due to the extreme amount of spam I receive as it is).
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Gambling tax in Australia

Gambling taxation is not regulated on a federal level in Australia. The tax rates very wildly between the sates and territories. You can see the detailed break down below, where you can find the amount of gambling tax in each state and territory.

There is one exception though. Point-of-consumption online gambling taxation is 15% in each of the states. This was introduced because due to a flaw of the Australian taxation regime, online gambling companies only paid taxes in the state, in which they were registered and licensed in. To remedy this situation, all states, gradually, have introduced a pint of sales online gambling tax (except in the Northern Territory and Victoria, where it is 10% only).

 

For players, taxation of gambling winnings in Australia: gambling winnings are not taxed in Australia, this is true for all of the states and territories (except professional gamblers,e.g.: full time poker players, who are taxed at a 30% rate)

 

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How to get featured

In order to get the free advertisement you must have a website (social media profile is not enough). Here is what you have to do:
  • send me a link to your website, or your employer's website
  • send me 1-2 sentences about you and/or your business etc.., something that describes the business, what you do, and makes people interested
  • send me one single picture of your company's logo, or a picture of your office, or a picture of one of your certificates, credentials (but don't send a picture of yourself, for legal reasons I want to avoid uploading pictures of people)

The picture must be 150x150 pixels. Contact me through the live chat, it's in the bottom right corner of the website, or in the comments section at the bottom of this page, with a link to the website you wish to advertise. If you qualify, I will give you my email address where you can send everything (I won't be putting my email address on the page, due to the extreme amount of spam I receive as it is).
AND! In order to appear for free on this website, you have to link back to this guide, from your website. It must be your website, your employer's website, an accounting blog or something similar. The link doesn't have to be in a prominent position, and 1 sentence is enough, something like this: "We are featured on Simon's Gambling and Casino Blog, at <link here>." at the bottom of an unimportant page, it will be perfectly fine. That's all, if you are interested, get in touch. Looking forward to hearing from you.

 

Legal gambling age in Australia: 18+

 

Other:

UPDATE: Loot boxes, skin gambling in video games will soon be considered gambling in Australia, and they will be prohibited for anyone under 185.

 

Fantasy sports betting is considered gambling in Australia, a bookmaker licence is required. However, one licence is enough. Registration in one state or territory will allow a vendor to offer its services to residents in other states and territories as well6.

Social gambling is strictly regulated in Australia. Only games played without any money (no fee, no bet, no rakes) are considered social gambling (which makes poker impossible, unless you play with tokens). So called online social casinos are also not considered gambling in Australia for now (although, indirectly, money does change hands there, players paying for points). However, recently, it has been targeted by various MPs, most likely nothing will come out of this for years, but there is a discussion7, now that they are getting more and more popular.

 

Sources, and main pieces of the Australian gambling legislation:

1New York Law School – The Evolution of Gambling Laws in Australia 

2Australia Federal Register of Legislation – Interactive Gambling Act 2001

3Australia Federal Register of Legislation – Gambling Amendment Act 2017 wit amendments

4Government of Australia – Australian Gambling Research Centre

5Baker McKenzie – Australia: Parliamentary Committee Push for Loot Box Regulation

6Lexology – The regulation of fantasy sports in Australia and why law reform is required

7iGamingBusiness – Australian MP seeks nationwide ban on social casino games

 

 

 

Online casinos accepting players from Australia

The following online gambling websites accept players from Australia. They all accept players from the country, and are accessible from within the country, at the time of writing. If they no longer accept players from Australia, or if they are blocked for some reason, please leave a message in the comments section, so I can investigate it.

 

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Australia gambling legislation at a glance

 

Legal status of land-based gambling is Australia
State: Casinos Bingo Poker Sports betting Lottery
New South Wales legal legal legal legal legal
Queensland legal legal legal legal legal
South Australia legal legal legal legal legal
Tasmania legal legal legal legal legal
Victoria legal legal legal legal legal
Western Australia legal legal legal legal legal
Australian Capital Territory legal legal legal legal legal
Jervis Bay Territory legal legal legal legal legal
Northern Territory legal legal legal legal legal
Ashmore and Cartier Islands legal legal legal legal legal
Australian Antarctic Territory legal legal legal legal legal
Christmas Island legal legal legal legal legal
Cocos (Keeling) Islands legal legal legal legal legal
Coral Sea Islands legal legal legal legal legal
Heard Island and McDonald Islands legal legal legal legal legal
Norfolk Island legal legal legal legal legal

 

Australia internet gambling legislation at a glance

 

Legal status of online gambling is Australia
State: Online casinos Online bingo Online poker Online sports betting Online lottery
New South Wales illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Queensland illegal illegal illegal legal legal
South Australia illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Tasmania illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Victoria illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Western Australia illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Australian Capital Territory illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Jervis Bay Territory illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Northern Territory illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Ashmore and Cartier Islands illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Australian Antarctic Territory illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Christmas Island illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Cocos (Keeling) Islands illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Coral Sea Islands illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Heard Island and McDonald Islands illegal illegal illegal legal legal
Norfolk Island illegal illegal illegal legal legal

 

Even though it seems like there is no difference between the states and territories, some smaller things, e.g.: betting limits, opening hours, number of casinos, deposit and withdrawal options (in many states, winnings over a certain amount, in physical gambling establishments are only paid by check), types of gaming machines allowed etc… are different in each state.

/Comment: A good example: Western Australia and New South Wales, they look the same in the table, but in Western Australia only casinos are legal (they have 1 casino) and there are no slot halls (a.k.a. clubs), and in New South Wales there are 3 casinos, but also hundreds of slot halls, or let’s look at the Northern Territory, which only has a population of 246 K, but it has 2 casinos and around 40 slot halls, and has the highest incidence of problem gambling in all of Australia. As you can see, despite appearances, there are quite big differences between the states of the Commonwealth./

If you are interested, you can see these differences in the detailed breakdown below. But the legal status of the main forms of gambling is the same, as you can see.

Even though many forms of online gambling are illegal in many of the states and territories, players are not prosecuted or fined for playing online. The government only targets companies, rouge operators and ordinary players are not bothered (this is pretty common btw., 90% of the countries in the world apply a similar strategy, you can see it here on this online gambling map).

However, unlicensed online gambling platforms are often blocked, which is a good way to know what is licensed and what is not. If you can access  a gambling website from Australia there is a 80% that is a licensed, legally operating gambling website (you can find a list of them below). Additionally, you can check out the government’s registry of licensed digital gambling operators, which is quite an exhaustive list.

 

Detailed breakdown of the legal status of the main forms of games of chance and online gambling in all 6 Australian states and 10 territories:

 

Choose your state or territory

Click on the drop down menus below for details on the local gambling legislation, gambling taxation, licensing and gambling establishments in that particular Australian state or territory.

New South Wales

New South Wales gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

The first casino in New South Wales opened in 1979. NSW only has 2 casinos (and one is a VIP casino, invitation only). Australia actually has very few casinos considering that it is a developed country with a population of 25.8 million.

UPDATE: NSW used to have 3 casinos, and with that, for a time, NSW had the most casinos among the states. New South Wales no longer has the most casino gambling venues, Queensland has more casinos (see below). But New south Wales still has the most gambling establishments, in total, because of the hundreds of slot halls (has the most most slot halls in per state).

These are:

  • The Star Casino (within The Star Grand Hotel and Residences Sydney)
  • the VIP Crown Casino (within Crown Sydney, invitation only)

 

Additionally there are hundreds of slot halls, bingo halls, and a few race tracks (not know how many slot halls exactly, most slot halls don’t have any online presence whatsoever). There are also over 1,100 bookmakers. NSW has the most gambling establishments, which is unsurprising, considering that this is Australia’s most populous and richest state with 8.1 million inhabitants (also receives the most tourists).

New South Wales has a $10 maximum per game, per spin limit in place in the slot halls and bingo halls. But this does not apply to the casinos. If you win more than $5,000, you’ll receive your payout in a check, instead of cash (to discourage spending it right away).

The main pieces of the gambling legislation in New South Wales are the Totalizator Act 1997 and the Betting and Racing Act 1998. According to these, the legal status of the main forms of gambling are the following.

 

Casino gambling in New South Wales: legal

Online casinos in NSW: illegal

Bingo in New South Wales: legal

Online bingo in NSW: illegal

Poker in New South Wales: legal

Online poker in NSW: illegal

Sports betting in New South Wales: legal

Digital sports wagering in NSW: legal

Lottery in New South Wales: legal, main lottery provider is NSW Lotteries (a subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

Internet lottery in NSW: legal, main online lottery provider is NSW Lotteries (subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

 

New South Wales legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

New South Wales gambling tax: determined by the Betting Tax Act 2001 No 43:

Totalizator tax:

  • (a) in respect of a totalizator conducted during the period commencing on 1 July 2015 and ending on 30 June 2016—16.2%, or
  • (b) in respect of a totalizator conducted during the period commencing on 1 July 2016 and ending on 30 June 2018—13.5%, or
  • (c) in respect of a totalizator conducted during the period commencing on 1 July 2018 and ending on 30 June 2019—12.17%, or
  • (d) in respect of a totalizator conducted during the period commencing on 1 July 2019 and ending on 30 June 2020—10.7%, or
  • (e) in respect of a totalizator conducted on or after 1 July 2020—7.6%.

Tax base : commission deducted (under section 69 of the Totalizator Act 1997, see above) from the total amount invested in each totalizator conducted by the licensee

 

Sports betting tax:

In respect of an approved betting activity (other than a computer simulated racing event betting activity) conducted:

  • (i) during the period commencing on 1 July 2015 and ending on 30 June 2016—9.2%, or
  • (ii) during the period commencing on 1 July 2016 and ending on 30 June 2018—7.43%, or
  • (iii) during the period commencing on 1 July 2018 and ending on 30 June 2019—6.6%, or
  • (iv) during the period commencing on 1 July 2019 and ending on 30 June 2020—5.8%, or
  • (v) on or after 1 July 2020—4.38%, or

 

+ Computer simulated racing event betting activity—10.91%.

Tax base : commission deducted (under section 69 of the Totalizator Act 1997, see above) from the total amount invested in each totalizator conducted by the licensee

 

Gaming machines (slots, video poker, pokes, electronic bingo machines) tax:

Clubs (slot halls):

Quarterly profit from gaming machines Tax rate
Over $250,000 up to $450,000 28.05%
Over $450,000 up to $1.25 million 18.05%
Over $1.25 million up to $2.5 million 22.55%
Over $2.5 million up to $5 million 24.55%
Over $5 million 26.55%

Hotels:

Quarterly profit from gaming machines Tax rate
Over $50,000 up to $250,000 33%
Over $250,000 up to $1.25 million 36%
Over $1.25 million 50%

Tax base: profit from slot machines

You do not have to pay gaming machine tax if your quarterly profit from gaming machines is:

  • less than $250,000 and you operate a club,
  • less than $50,000 and you operate a hotel.

 

Online wagering betting point of consumption tax: 15%

 

New South Wales gambling licensing:

Liquor & Gaming NSW is responsible for gambling licensing.

Racing NSW and the Harness Racing and Greyhound Welfare Integrity Commission is responsible for horse racing betting licensing and regulation.

New South Wales gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Queensland

Queensland gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Surprisingly, Queensland has the most casinos in Australia, and not the more populous New South Wales (see above). QLD has 4 proper casinos. These are:

  • Jupiter’s Casino (Gold Coast) (formerly: the Star Gold Coast)
  • Jupiter’s Treasury Casino (Brisbane)
  • Reef Casino Cairns (better known as ‘The Reef’)
  • Townsville Hotel and Casino

 

Additionally there are at least a 100 slot halls, and bingo halls (not know how many exactly, most slot halls don’t have any online presence whatsoever, what is certain that combined they have over 40 K gaming machines) + 2 race tracks: Albion Park Harness Racing Club, and Eagle Farm Racecourse.

Queensland also imposes a $5 maximum betting limit, as well as a $25,000 ceiling on winnings in clubs or hotels (per spin, per jackpot).

The main pieces of the gambling legislation in Queensland are the Casino Control Act 1982, Charitable and Non-Profit Gaming Act 1999, and the Interactive Gambling (Player Protection) Act 1998. According to these, the legal status of the main forms of gambling are the following.

 

Casino gambling in Queensland: legal

Online casinos in QLD: illegal

Bingo in Queensland: legal

Online bingo in QLD: illegal

Poker in Queensland: legal

Online poker in QLD: illegal

Sports betting in Queensland: legal

Digital sports wagering in QLD: legal

Lottery in Queensland: legal, monopoly of Golden Casket Lottery Corporation Limited (a subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited, monopoly does not apply to fundraisers, charity lotteries and raffles)

Internet lottery in QLD: legal, monopoly of Golden Casket Lottery Corporation (subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

 

Queensland legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Queensland gambling tax: determined by the Gaming licence fees and charges 2020–21, which also contains the fixed license fees:

Gaming machine monthly taxes (GST adjusted, monthly taxable tax):

Licensed clubs (category 2 licensed premises):

  • $0–9,500 0%
  • $9501–75,000 17.91%
  • $75,001–150,000 20.91%
  • $150,001–300,000 23.91%
  • $300,001–850,000 25.91%
  • $850,001–1,400,000 30.91%
  • > $1,400,000 35.00%

 

Hotels (category 1 licensed premises):

All amounts 35.00% + levy if applicable

Tax base: Gaming machine metered win ($ AUD)

 

Casinos:

Tax is payable monthly in arrears and is reduced by the amount of global GST credit.

EGM play – 30% (except Reef Casino and Townsville, 20%)

Junket revenue – 10%

Normal play (tables, Keno and FATGs) – 20% (except Reef Casino and Townsville, 10%)

 

Lottery tax:

The monthly tax payable by the lottery licensee is equal to the sum of the following amounts:
a. 73.48% of the licensee’s monthly gross revenue for the month from declared lotteries. (Lotto—
Powerball, Oz Lotto, Saturday, Wednesday and Monday Gold Lotto, Super 66, Mega Jackpot, Super
Jackpot and Set for Life)
b. 55% of the licensee’s monthly gross revenue for the month from the approved lottery known as Instant
Scratch‐its

Tax is payable monthly in arrears and is reduced by the amount of global GST credit.

Online wagering betting point of consumption tax: 15%

 

Queensland gambling licensing: Office of Liquor and Gaming Regulation is responsible for gambling licensing.

Queensland gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

South Australia

South Australia gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

SA only has 1 casino. It is the SkyCity Adelaide Casino.

Additionally there are slot halls, and bingo halls (not know how many exactly, most slot halls don’t have any online presence whatsoever, but what is known is that they have 13 K gaming machines total).

South Australia has a AUD$ 10 per bet/spin limit in place. And the maximum amount you can win with a bet or winning combination is Australian dollar $10,000. And pokies can only take coins, they can not accept any bills (, which I personally find a really good idea, governments looking to curb problem gambling should copy this). 

UPDATE 2021: Sadly, this is no longer the case, from 2020 December 3, gaming machines in SA will accept banknotes or tickets (commonly known as ‘ticket-in ticket-out’ or TITO) in addition to coins.*

The main pieces of the gambling legislation in South Australia are:

According to these, the legal status of the main forms of gambling are the following.

 

Source:

*Government of the Commonwealth of Australia Consumer and Business Services – Reform to SA gambling laws

 

Casino gambling in South Australia: legal

Online casinos in SA: illegal

Bingo in South Australia: legal

Online bingo in SA: illegal

Poker in South Australia: legal

Online poker in SA: illegal

Sports betting in South Australia: legal

Digital sports wagering in SA: legal

Lottery in South Australia: legal, monopoly of SA Lotteries (a subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited, monopoly does not apply to fundraisers, charity lotteries and raffles)

Internet lottery in SA: legal, monopoly of SA Lotteries (subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

 

South Australia legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

South Australia gambling tax: determined by the South Australian Gambling Policy – Gaming Tax, which also contains the fixed license fees:

Tax base for all of the following is net gaming revenue, paid monthly.

Non-profit businesses (typically clubs and
community hotels):

$0 – $75,000 – 0%

$75,001 – $399,000 – 21%

$399,001 – $945,000 – $68,040 plus 28.5% of excess NGR over $399,000

$945,001 – $1,500,000 – $223,650 plus 30.91% of excess NGR over $945,000

$1,500,001 – $2,500,000 – $395,200 plus 37.5% of excess NGR over $1,500,000

$2,500,001 – $3,500,000 – $770,200 plus 47% of excess NGR over $2,500,000

Above $3,500,000 – $1,240,200.50 plus 55% of excess NGR over $3,500,000

 

Other than non-profit businesses (typically hotels)

$0 – $75,000 – 0%

$75,001 – $399,000 – 27.5%

$399,001 – $945,000 – $89,100 plus 37% of excess NGR over $399,000

$945,001 – $1,500,000 – $291,120 plus 40.91% of excess NGR over $945,000

$1,500,001 – $2,500,000 – $518,170.50 plus 47.5% of excess NGR over $1,500,000

$2,500,001 – $3,500,000 – $993,170.50 plus 57% of excess NGR over $2,500,000

Above $3,500,000 – $1,563,170.50 plus 65% of excess NGR over $3,500,000

 

Online wagering and betting tax in SA: 15% point of consumption tax, tax base is net gaming revenue*

 

Source:

*Government of South Australia – Betting Operations Tax

 

South Australia gambling licensing:  South Australia – Consumer and Business Services is responsible for gambling licensing.

South Australia gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Tasmania

Tasmania gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Tasmania has 2 casinos. These are:

  • Hobart Casino in Wrest Point Hotel
  • Country Club Casino & Resort in Launceston

 

Considering that Tasmania only has a population of 540 000, and it is the poorest Australian state, it is not surprising that they don1t have many gambling establishemnts. Despite this, the state hada huge impact on the casino gambling sector in Australia. Wrest Point Hotel Casino is the oldest casino in all of Australia, having received its gambling licence in 1973, which was the first ever casinos licence to be awarded in the country.

Additionally there are a few slot halls. The following venues known to have pokies (gaming machines):

  • All Year Round Tavern – Wellington Street, Launceston
  • Black Buffalo Hotel – Federal Street, North Hobart
  • Central Hotel Hobart – Collins Street, Hobart
  • Cock & Bull Hotel – Wellington Street, Launceston
  • Hobart Midcity Hotel – Bathurst Street, Hobart
  • Kings Meadows Hotel – Hobart Road, Kings Meadows, Launceston
  • Marquis of Hastings Hotel – Brisbane Street, West Hobart
  • Newstead Hotel – Elphin Road, Newstead, Launceston
  • Queens Head Café Bar – Elizabeth Street, North Hobart
  • Welcome Stranger Hotel – Harrington Street, Hobart

 

All in all, these places have around 3500 slot machines. These slot only take coins, and you can’t insert bills into the machines,

Also, there is a limit of AUD$5 per spin, and winnings over $1000 are paid by check.

Federal Group has a monopoly on poker machines in Tasmania.

The main pieces of the gambling legislation in Tasmania are the Gaming Control Act 1993 and Gaming Control Regulations 2014. According to these, the legal status of the main forms of gambling are the following.

 

Casino gambling in Tasmania: legal

Online casinos in TAS: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Tasmania: legal

Online bingo in TAS: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Tasmania: legal

Online poker in TAS: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Tasmania: legal

Digital sports wagering in TAS: legal

Lottery in Tasmania: legal, main lottery providers are Tatts Lottery and Intralot Australia (Tatts Lottery is a subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

Internet lottery in TAS: legal, main internet lottery providers are Tatts Lottery and Intralot Australia (Tatts Lottery is a subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

 

Tasmania legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Tasmania gambling tax:

Tasmania has fixed licensing fees instead of gambling taxes. You can see these fixed licensing fees here.

Online wagering and betting tax in Tasmania: 15% point of consumption tax applies in Tasmania as well, tax base is net wagering revenue*

Additionally, there is a 25% tax (of net gaming revenue) on gaming machines.

 

Source:

*Tasmanian Government – Department of Treasury and Finance – Point of Consumption Tax on Wagering

 

Tasmania gambling licensing:  The Tasmanian Liquor and Gaming Commission is responsible for gambling licensing.

Tasmania gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Victoria

Victoria gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Victoria only has 1 casino, which is the Crown Casino and Entertainment Complex. However, this is a megacomplex, the biggest casino in all of Australia.

Victoria only legalized gaming machines in 1991, and gambling, in general, is strictly regulated (you can read the gambling legislation below). $50 is the limit, per session, and per-game, per spins, per bet it’s AUD $5. Any winnings over AUD $ 1000 will be paid by check.

Additionally there are over a 100 slot halls, bingo halls (not know how many exactly, most slot halls don’t have any online presence whatsoever).

The main piece of the gambling legislation in Victoria is the Gambling Regulation Act 2003., and you can find the other gambling acts here.

 

Casino gambling in Victoria: legal

Online casinos in VIC: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Victoria: legal

Online bingo in VIC: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Victoria: legal

Online poker in VIC: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Victoria: legal

Digital sports wagering in VIC: legal

Lottery in Victoria: legal, main lottery provider is Tatts Lottery (a subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

Internet lottery in VIC: legal, main digital lottery provider is Tatts Lottery (subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

 

Victoria legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Victoria gambling tax: determined by the The Gambling Regulation Amendment (Wagering and Betting Tax) Bill 2018, which also contains the fixed license fees (updated by Gambling Regulation Amendment (Wagering and Betting Tax) Bill 2021)

 

Tax rate and threshold tables for clubs and hotels

Club tax rates: current and from August 2022
Monthly average per machine revenue ($) Current: tax rate (%) Monthly average per machine revenue ($) From August 2022: tax rate (%) Tax concession rate (%)
Less than 2666 0 Less than 2666 0 8.33
2666 or more and less than 12,500 46.70 2666 or more and less than 6667 46.70 8.33
6667 or more and less than to 12,500 51.17 6.33
12,500 or more 54.20 12,500 or more 60.67 4.33

 

Hotel tax rates: current and from August 2022
Monthly average per machine revenue ($) Current: tax rate (%) Monthly average per machine revenue ($) From August 2022: tax rate (%)
Less than 2666 8.33 Less than 2666 8.33
2666 or more and less than 12,500 55.03 2666 or more and less than 6667 55.03
6667 or more and less than to 12,500 57.50
12,500 or more 62.53 12,500 or more 65.00

 

 

Online wagering and betting tax in Victoria: 10% point of consumption tax applies in Victoria as well, tax base is net wagering revenue*

*State Revenue Office Victoria – Wagering and betting tax – frequently asked questions

 

Victoria gambling licensing:  Victoria Commission for Liquor and Gambling Regulation – VCGLR is responsible for gambling licensing.

Victoria gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Western Australia

Western Australia gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Western Australia only has 1 casino, which is the Crown Casino Perth (opened in 1985) and three race tracks (horse and greyhound racing).

WA has the most restrictive pokies laws in Australia. There are no slot halls apart from the single casino. Western Australia only permits the use of gaming machines in Crown Perth Casino (formerly Burswood Casino), and no gaming machines may be used elsewhere.

Western Australia legalized gambling in 1936 with the 1936 Lotteries Control Act. However, only charitable lotteries were legal up until the 1950s. WA gambling started in earnest in the 1950s.

Interestingly, the gaming machines in the state must have at least 90% RTP (return to player).

/Comment: 90% is a pretty low value, I have never seen a slot machine that has an RTP value below 94%, therefore this law doesn’t actually do anything. Video poker machines have an even higher RTP, usually 98%+./

The main pieces of the gambling legislation in Western Australia are the Betting Control Act 1954, Casino Control Act 1984 and Gaming and Wagering Commission Act 1987 you can find the other gambling acts here.

 

Casino gambling in Western Australia: legal

Online casinos in WA: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Western Australia: legal

Online bingo in WA: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Western Australia: legal

Online poker in WA: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Western Australia: legal

Digital sports wagering in WA: legal

Lottery in Western Australia: legal, monopoly of Lotterywest (monopoly does not apply to fundraisers, charity lotteries and raffles)

Internet lottery in WA: legal, duopoly of Tatts Group Limited and Lotterywest (full name: Lotteries Commission of Western Australia, also sells lottery tickets online through Tatts Group Limited’s the Lott website, therefore online lottery is a duopoly, at least de facto)

 

Western Australia legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Western Australia gambling tax: determined by the the Casino (Burswood Island) Agreement Act 1985 (casino tax, page 47), and Racing and Wagering Western Australia Tax Act 2003 (betting , wagering tax).

 

Casino tax: 15% of the Casino Gross Revenue

Betting and wagering tax: 15% of net gaming revenue (if revenue exceeds the threshold of $150,000 per assessment year)

Online wagering and betting tax in Western Australia: 15% point of consumption tax applies

 

If you wish to know more about the gambling tax, how to calculate it, how to pay it, how to file it, watch the following video tutorial from the government of Australia:

 

Western Australia gambling licensing: Department of Racing, Gaming and Liquor is responsible for gambling licensing.

The available gambling licenses are:

  • Standard Lottery Permit
  • Calcutta Permit
  • Gaming Function Permit
  • Two-up permit
  • Bingo licence
  • Bookmakers licence
  • Online bookmakers licence

 

You can apply or renew any of these license online, through the portal of the Government of Western Australia.

 

Western Australia gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Australian Capital Territory

Australian Capital Territory gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

The small Australian Capital Territory has 1 casino: Casino Canberra. And despite being such a small jurisdiction, it has its own gambling commission and laws.

The main pieces of the gambling legislation in the ACT (also known as Federal Capital Territory – FCT) are:

 

As you can see these cover all the main forms of gambling, which are legal (apart from online casino gambling, online bingo and online poker).

 

Casino gambling in Australian Capital Territory: legal

Online casinos in ACT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Australian Capital Territory: legal

Online bingo in ACT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Australian Capital Territory: legal

Online poker in ACT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Australian Capital Territory: legal

Digital sports wagering in ACT: legal

Lottery in Australian Capital Territory: legal, main lottery providers are SA Lotteries and NSW Lotteries (both are subsidiaries of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

Internet lottery in ACT: legal, main online lottery providers are SA Lotteries and NSW Lotteries (both ares subsidiaries of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

 

Australian Capital Territory legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Australian Capital Territory gambling tax: determined by the Casino Control Act 2006 – Section 125 and Section 127

Non-commission based casino tax:

(1) General tax is payable on the noncommission-based profit derived in each month from the operation of the casino.

(2)   The noncommission-based profit derived in a month from the operation of the casino is—SA Lotteries and NSW Lotteries

(a)    if the value of unredeemed chips at the end of the month is greater than the value of unredeemed chips at the beginning of the month:

(T − W)+ (UC2 − UC1)

(b)    if the value of unredeemed chips at the end of the month is less than the value of unredeemed chips at the beginning of the month:

(T − W)− (UC1− UC2)

(3)   The rate at which general tax is payable is 10.9% of the noncommission-based profit derived in the month from the operation of the casino.

(4)   In this section:

chips means chips supplied by the casino licensee for noncommission-based gaming.

noncommission-based gaming means gaming other than commission-based gaming.

T, for a month, means the total amount of revenue the casino licensee receives from noncommission-based gaming in the casino in the month.

UC1, for a month, means the value of unredeemed chips at the beginning of the month.

UC2, for a month, means the value of the unredeemed chips at the end of the month.

W, for a month, means the total amount paid as winnings in relation to non-commission based gaming in the month.

 

Commission-based casino player tax:

(1)   Commission-based player tax is payable on the completed commission-based profit derived in each month from the operation of the casino.

(2)   The completed commission-based profit derived in a month from the operation of the casino is the total profit derived in the month from completed commission-based player schemes (whether or not the profit relates to gaming happening in that month or a previous month) is—

(a)    if the total value at the end of the month of all unredeemed commission-based player chips held by participants after the completion of the schemes is greater than the total value at the beginning of the month of unredeemed commission-based player chips (originally purchased for previous schemes) used in the course of commission-based gaming in relation to the schemes:

(CGA − W)+ (UCC2 − UCC1)

(b)    if the total value at the end of the month of all unredeemed commission-based player chips held by participants after the completion of the schemes is less than the total value at the beginning of the month of unredeemed commission-based player chips (originally purchased for previous schemes) used in the course of commission-based gaming in relation to the schemes:

(CGA − W)− (UCC1− UCC2)

(3)   The rate at which commission-based player tax is payable is 0.9% of the completed commission-based profit derived in the month from the operation of the casino.

(4)   In this section:

CGA, for a month, means the total amount the casino licensee receives in the month from commission-based gaming in the casino under completed commission-based player schemes.

commission-based player chips means chips supplied by the casino licensee for commission-based gaming.

completed commission-based player scheme, in relation to a month, means a commission-based player scheme under which commission-based gaming is completed during the month, whether or not the commission-based gaming started in that month or the previous month.

UCC1, for a month, means the total value at the beginning of the month of unredeemed commission-based player chips (originally purchased for previous schemes) used in the course of commission‑based gaming in relation to commission-based player schemes.

UCC2, for a month, means the total value at the end of the month of all unredeemed commission-based player chips held by participants in completed commission-based player schemes.

W, for a month, means the total amount paid as winnings in relation to completed commission-based player schemes in the month.

 

Betting and wagering tax: 15% of net gaming revenue (if revenue exceeds the threshold of $150,000 per assessment year)

Online wagering and betting tax in the Australian Capital Territory: 15% point of consumption tax applies

 

Australian Capital Territory gambling licensing: The ACT Gambling and Racing Commission is responsible for gambling licensing.

The available gambling licenses are:

  • Standard Lottery Permit
  • Calcutta Permit
  • Gaming Function Permit
  • Two-up permit
  • Bingo licence
  • Bookmakers licence
  • Online bookmakers licence

 

Australian Capital Territory gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Jervis Bay Territory

Jervis Bay Territory gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

The small Jervis Bay Territory only has a population of 391. It doesn’t have a casino and just like other internal territories it does not have its own local gambling legislation.

Even though JBT is not officially part of the Australian Capital Territory, the laws of the Capital Territory apply here, which includes gambling laws. Therefore, everything I have listed at the ATC section, above, apply here as well.

 

Casino gambling in Jervis Bay Territory: legal

Online casinos in JBT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Jervis Bay Territory: legal

Online bingo in JBT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Jervis Bay Territory: legal

Online poker in JBT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Jervis Bay Territory: legal

Digital sports wagering in JBT: legal

Lottery in Jervis Bay Territory: legal, monopoly of Tatts Lottery (a subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited, monopoly does not apply to fundraisers, charity lotteries and raffles)

Internet lottery in JBT: legal, monopoly of Tatts Lottery (subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

 

Jervis Bay Territory legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Jervis Bay Territory gambling tax: Australian Capital Territory’s gambling taxation system applies here as well, you can find it in the section above.

 

Jervis Bay Territory gambling licensing: The Jervis Bay Territory Administration is the closest thing to a gambling licensing agency, but gambling licenses are not issued in the territory

Jervis Bay Territory gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Northern Territory Territory

Northern Territory gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Northern Territory is the smallest state of Australia (officially a territory, but everyone consider it the 7th state). The population is only 246,561.

Despite this, NT has two casinos, these are:

  • Mindil Beach Casino and Resort: Darwin
  • Lasseters Hotel Casino: Alice Springs

And 5 race tracks:

  • Adelaide River
  • Alice Springs
  • Darwin
  • Katherine
  • Tennant Creek

 

Additionally, there are slot machines in pubs, taverns, inns, hotels and in dedicated slot parlours as well. The exact number is not known, because most of these clubs don’t have any sort of online presence.

It is very likely that is also the maximum number of casinos. Because, due to agreements, the government can not grant another casino licence without the existing casino operator’s consent*.

There is also a cap of the number of gaming machines (slots + pokies) in the territory, the maximum is 1852. This amount doesn’t include the machines in the two casinos. Hotels and pubs can only have up to 20 gaming machines per venue, while clubs (a.k.a. slot halls) can have up to 55.

All establishments, which want to operate slot halls must have a liquor licence.

UPDATE 2021: Interestingly, the NT has the highest rate of problem gambling in Australia, according to official government reports*.

 

The main pieces of the gambling legislation in the Northern Territory are:

Gaming Control Act 1993 Northern Territory(Opens in new window)

Gaming Machine Act 1995 Northern Territory(Opens in new window)

Soccer Football Pools Act 1978 Northern Territory

 

Source:

*Researchgate – The size and growth of the Northern Territory’s Gambling Industry

 

Casino gambling in Northern Territory: legal

Online casinos in NT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Northern Territory: legal

Online bingo in NT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Northern Territory: legal

Online poker in NT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Northern Territory: legal

Digital sports wagering in NT: legal

Lottery in Northern Territory: legal, monopoly of Tatts Lottery (a subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited, monopoly does not apply to fundraisers, charity lotteries and raffles)

Internet lottery in NT: legal, monopoly of Tatts Lottery (subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

 

Northern Territory legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Northern Territory gambling tax: considered to have the lowest online gambling tax, and was, prior to the introduction of point of consumption online gambling taxes, a haven of online gambling service providers in Australia, who all operated from the country, but accepted players from every other state and territory as well.

Gaming machine tax (monthly, based on the gross profits, that is, player losses)

Pokies tax:
UPADATE: In 2017, taxes on pokies were increased 12.91% – 42.91%

+ 10% Community Benefit Levy, payable by hotels, casinos, but not clubs

Lottery tax: 10%

Sports Betting, wagering tax: 10%

 

Northern Territory gambling licensing: The NT Racing Commission manages licensing of racing-related activities and the Director-General of Licensing issues all other forms of gambling licences.

Northern Territory gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Australian Antarctic Territory

Ashmore and Cartier Islands gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Nobody lives permanently on the Ashmore & Cartier Islands. Therefore, it does not have a local government, or laws, or any gambling legislation. However, federal gambling laws still apply.

 

Casino gambling in Ashmore & Cartier Islands: legal

Online casinos in ACI: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Ashmore & Cartier Islands: legal

Online bingo in ACI: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Ashmore & Cartier Islands: legal

Online poker in ACI: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Ashmore & Cartier Islands: legal

Digital sports wagering in ACI: legal

Lottery in Ashmore & Cartier Islands: legal

Internet lottery in ACI: legal

 

 Ashmore & Cartier Islands legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

 Ashmore & Cartier Islands gambling tax: no gambling tax

 

 Ashmore & Cartier Islands gambling licensing: no licensing authority

 Ashmore & Cartier Islands gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Australian Antarctic Territory

Australian Antarctic Territory gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Nobody lives permanently in the Australian Antarctic Territory. Therefore, it does not have a local government, or laws, or any gambling legislation. However, federal gambling laws still apply.

FUN FACT: Even though Australia’s claims are not officially recognized, and nobody can officially own Antarctica (due to international agreements). Australia’s claims are the biggest, claiming 42% of the entire frozen continent, a significantly larger territory than the entirety Australia.

 

Casino gambling in Australian Antarctic Territory: legal

Online casinos in AAT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Australian Antarctic Territory: legal

Online bingo in AAT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Australian Antarctic Territory: legal

Online poker in AAT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Australian Antarctic Territory: legal

Digital sports wagering in AAT: legal

Lottery in Australian Antarctic Territory: legal

Internet lottery in AAT: legal

 

Australian Antarctic Territory legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Australian Antarctic Territory gambling tax: no gambling tax

 

Australian Antarctic Territory gambling licensing: no licensing authority

Australian Antarctic Territory gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Christmas Island

Christmas Island gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Christmas Island only has a population of 1,800. Despite this, the territory had a casino. It was the $34 million Christmas Island Casino and Resort, which operated between 1993 and 1998.

The project was subsidized by the Australian government to try to offset the unemployment and poverty created by cessation of phosphate mining on the island in 1987.

As of 2011, the resort has re-opened but without the casino, and there is no casino in the territory currently.

It is unknown if there are slot halls, pokies clubs on the island, if you know, please drop a comment below, thank you.

The main piece of the gambling legislation are:Casino Control Ordinance 1988, UPDATE: no longer in force, now the main piece of the legislation is Christmas Island Gambling (Clubs) Ordinance 1978.

 

Casino gambling in Christmas Island: legal

Online casinos in CI: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Christmas Island: legal

Online bingo in CI: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Christmas Island: legal

Online poker in CI: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Christmas Island: legal

Digital sports wagering in CI: legal

Lottery in Christmas Island: legal, monopoly of Lotterywest (monopoly does not apply to fundraisers, charity lotteries and raffles)

Internet lottery in CI: legal, monopoly of Lotterywest

 

Christmas Island legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Christmas Island gambling tax: no gambling tax, there a fixed license fees instead

 

Christmas Island gambling licensing:

Licensing is done by the Administrator of the Territory of Christmas Island. They don’t have any website, and I don’t know how to contact them. If you have any contact info, please share it in the comments section.

Christmas Island gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Cocos (Keeling) Islands gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Cocos (Keeling) Islands only has a population of 544. The territory does not have its own gambling commission, or gambling laws, it is jointly administered with Western Australia (counts as a shire of Western Australia, in terms of gambling laws).

Therefore, the gambling laws of Western Australia (the strictest gambling laws in the Commonwealth) apply on the Cocos Islands as well.

Western Australia only has 1 casino, which is the Crown Casino Perth (opened in 1985) and three race tracks (horse and greyhound racing). There are no sloth halls, pokies clubs apart from this casino. Western Australia only permits the use of gaming machines in Burswood Casino, and no gaming machines may be used elsewhere. WA has the most restrictive pokies laws in Australia.

Western Australia legalized gambling in 1936 with the 1936 Lotteries Control Act. However, only charitable lotteries were legal up until the 1950s. WA gambling started in earnest in the 1950s.

Interestingly, the gaming machines in the state must have at least 90% RTP (return to player).

/Comment: 90% is a pretty low value, I have never seen a slot machine that has an RTP value below 94%, therefore this law doesn’t actually do anything. Video poker machines have an even higher RTP, usually 98%+./

The main pieces of the gambling legislation in Western Australia are the Betting Control Act 1954, Casino Control Act 1984 and Gaming and Wagering Commission Act 1987 you can find the other gambling acts here.

 

Casino gambling in the Cocos Islands: legal

Online casinos in CC (and not CI, CI is Christmas Island): illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in the Cocos Islands: legal

Online bingo in CC: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in the Cocos Islands: legal

Online poker in CC: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in the Cocos Islands: legal

Digital sports wagering in CC: legal

Lottery in the Cocos Islands: legal, monopoly of Lotterywest (monopoly does not apply to fundraisers, charity lotteries and raffles)

Internet lottery in CC: legal, monopoly of Lotterywest

 

Cocos Islands legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Cocos Islands gambling tax: determined by the the Casino (Burswood Island) Agreement Act 1985 (casino tax, page 47), and Racing and Wagering Western Australia Tax Act 2003 (betting , wagering tax).

 

Casino tax: 15% of the Casino Gross Revenue

Betting and wagering tax: 15% of net gaming revenue (if revenue exceeds the threshold of $150,000 per assessment year)

Online wagering and betting tax in Western Australia: 15% point of consumption tax applies

 

If you wish to know more about the gambling tax, how to calculate it, how to pay it, how to file it, watch the following video tutorial from the government of Australia:

 

Cocos Islands gambling licensing:  You can apply for a gambling license specific to Cocos Islands here.

 

Cocos Islands gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Coral Sea Islands

Coral Sea Islands gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Only 4 people live permanently on the Coral Sea Islands. Therefore, it does not have a local gambling legislation. However, federal gambling laws still apply.

 

Casino gambling in Coral Sea Islands: legal

Online casinos in AAT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Coral Sea Islands: legal

Online bingo in AAT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Coral Sea Islands: legal

Online poker in AAT: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Coral Sea Islands: legal

Digital sports wagering in AAT: legal

Lottery in Coral Sea Islands: legal

Internet lottery in AAT: legal

 

Australian Antarctic Territory legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Australian Antarctic Territory gambling tax: no gambling tax

 

Australian Antarctic Territory gambling licensing: no licensing authority

Australian Antarctic Territory gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Heard Island and McDonald Islands gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Heard Island and McDonald Islands don’t have a permanent population. Therefore, it does not have a local gambling legislation. However, federal gambling laws still apply.

 

Casino gambling in Heard Island and McDonald Islands: legal

Online casinos in HIM: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Heard Island and McDonald Islands: legal

Online bingo in HIM: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Heard Island and McDonald Islands: legal

Online poker in HIM: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Heard Island and McDonald Islands: legal

Digital sports wagering in HIM: legal

Lottery in Heard Island and McDonald Island: legal

Internet lottery in HIM: legal

 

Heard Island and McDonald Island legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

Heard Island and McDonald Island gambling tax: no gambling tax

 

Heard Island and McDonald Island gambling licensing: no licensing authority

Heard Island and McDonald Island gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island gambling, online gambling, licenses, taxation, gambling establishments

Norfolk Island doesn’t have a casino, or any slot hall. In fact, this is one of the selling points of the island:

“Norfolk is a boutique tourist destination so if you are a fan of casinos, poker machines, gambling and night clubs, this place is likely to disappoint you as all we have to offer is peace and security.”*

Norfolk Island was a quite infamous player in the online gambling industry of Australia for a long time. It was the licensing hub for online gambling companies within Australia, who registered here, because it offered the lowest internet tax rates at that time.

Online Gambling in Norfolk Island started in 1998 with the Gaming Supervision Act 1998 (no longer in effect). The act established the Norfolk Island Gaming Authority (no longer in operation) as an independent statutory authority, which had the power to issue gambling and online gambling licenses (and the online gambling licenses were valid for all of Australia).
And before the introduction of point-of-consumption taxes in Australia, gambling taxes only had to paid in the Norfolk Island (no longer true, now there are point of consumption taxes in all sates, usually 10-15%, see above).

The Norfolk Island Gaming Authority was embroiled in a scandal, in 2016, when independent third-party probing revealed that it was a farce, and there was no regulatory oversight at all. Basically, the licenses they issued were just pieces of paper, with no actual licensing and regulatory processes behind them**. It was shut down shortly afterwards.

Gambling licensing ceased on the island after the scandal, and hasn’t been reinstated ever since.

 

Sources:

*Aloha Apartments – Norfolk Islands

**The Guardian – Norfolk Island body issuing Australian gambling licences to be shut down

 

Casino gambling in Norfolk Island: legal

Online casinos in NI: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Bingo in Norfolk Island: legal

Online bingo in NI: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Poker in Norfolk Island: legal

Online poker in NI: illegal, players are not prosecuted

Sports betting in Norfolk Island: legal

Digital sports wagering in NI: legal

Lottery in Norfolk Island: legal, monopoly of Tatts Lottery (a subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited, monopoly does not apply to fundraisers, charity lotteries and raffles)

Internet lottery in NI: legal, monopoly of Tatts Lottery (subsidiary of Tabcorp Holdings Limited)

 

Norfolk Island legal gambling age: 18 – applies to every type of gambling

 

Norfolk Island gambling tax: no gambling tax

 

Norfolk Island gambling licensing: no licensing authority

 

Norfolk Island gambling winnings taxation: not taxed

 

Summary:

 

 

Casino gambling in Australia

Casinos in Australia: legal since 1973, operators require a licence

Online casinos in Australia: illegal since 2001, players are not prosecuted (legal to play, illegal for companies to offer real-money games for Australians)

 

Casinos (and slot halls) are legal in Australia. The first casino in Australia was Wrest Point Hotel Casino in Tasmania, which received a license in 1973. Nowadays, every state has at least one casino, and apart from West Australia, they have multiple slot halls (a.k.a. pokies clubs) as well.

Online casino gambling laws in Australia are regulated on a Commonwealth level. In general, it is illegal for companies, but not criminalised for players, and players are not prosecuted or fined.

In 2001 the Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia passed an online gambling law, called the Interactive Gaming Act. In accordance with the act, it is legal for Australian players to participate in online casino gambling, but no real-money online casino games can be offered to Australian players.

/Comment: Technically this applies to non-Australian companies as well, but obviously, companies outside of the jurisdiction of Australia, don’t care about this. The laws of Australia only apply within the borders of Australia./

The act really affected Australian online casino sites. These websites may still operate legally (as so called “social casino”, where tokens are used, and not real money), but they are not allowed to offer any real-money games to Australian players, nor advertise such services in Australia. Australian online casinos can legally offer real-money games to players from abroad.

/Comment: However, there are no Australia licensed online casinos, because of the unfavourable taxation. There are better options for these online casino companies abroad (e.g.: Curaçao, Isle of Man, Channel Islands, Gibraltar, Malta, Panama), and none of them choose Australia./

Offshore online casino sites are available to Australian players, but due to the legal issues outlined above, only a very few is willing to accept Australian players. Even though players are not prosecuted,  these foreign online gambling sites also fall under the scope of the Interactive Gaming Act, and offering real-money gambling to Australians is technically illegal. (even though enforcement of such laws aboard is impossible).

The Australian government blocks some of the international online casino sites. However, it’s very easy to circumvent this with an IP mask, VPN, or using TOR. It’s not really the deterrent they were hoping for. It’s merely an inconvenience. And the number of players using these unlicensed gambling websites keeps increasing unabated.

/Comment: There is a popular misconception that these are illegally operating online casinos, and what they are doing is illegal. It’s not. It’s actually legal for these foreign websites to accept Australian players, according to the laws of the country in which they operate. According to the gambling licence with which they operate, and according to the local gambling laws of the country in which they are registered, it’s actually perfectly legal for them to accept Australian players. It’s the Australian government that tires to impose their gambling laws on these companies, and tries to bully these smaller countries into submission, even though, according to their local laws, it’s perfectly fine./

 

The following online casinos below accept players from Australia.

Online casinos accepting players from Australia - click to see

The following online casino websites accept players from Australia:

 

RichPrize Casino

This is RichPrize Casino's animated GIF banner advertising their new exclusive games and their free spins and casino bonuses. You can read about these promotional offers below the animated banner. By clicking on the banner you will be taken to the casino's website where you can register and play.
RichPrize Casino bonus offers
USA and Canada players are accepted. However, US players can only deposit and withdraw money using cryptocurrencies! (this restriction only applies to US players, and only in this casino)
  • 100% match bonus, up to $400 + 25 free spins, no code needed
  OR:
  • Confirm email or phone, apply code: LADYDAY, make deposit from 21 to 400 EUR/USD and receive 88% + 88 free spins, limited time only, if it is no longer valid, please drop a comment and let me know
  OR:
  • Confirm email or phone, apply code: WEST100 make deposit pf at least 21 EUR/USD and receive 100 free spins, limited time only, if it is no longer valid, please drop a comment and let me know
  Returning players usually get 25% - 33% cashback, one of the highest regular cashbacks online. Even if you end up losing you will get about 30% of your money back (returning players only).

Playthrough requirements and wagering limitations

All bonuses and promotions are subject to the following wagering limitations and playthrough requirements.
  • Playthrough requirement: Bonus wagering x40 applied.
  • Free spins wagering x40 applied.
  Check the casino's web page for the specific, up to date, current playthrough requirements and wagering limitations, does not apply to bonuses for returning players which have different (significantly better) paythrough requirements.
Wagering limitation:
  • 7 days to wager bonus.
  • Slots wagering allowed.
  • Slots wagering participation 100%.
  • Min bet 0.01 EUR - Max bet 3 EUR.
  • Betting Games wagering not allowed.
  • Providers allowed for wagering: Limited to enabled games only.
  • Player can cancel bonus at any time. Please note: Upon cancellation of the bonus the balance will be adjusted to the balance before bonus activation.
 

 

Click here for more info on casinos in Australia.

 

Bingo in Australia

Bingo in Australia: legal, operators require a licence

Online Bingo in Australia: illegal since 2001, players are not prosecuted (legal to play, illegal for companies to offer real-money games for Australians)

 

Bingo (or housie, Australian slang term for bingo) is underregulated in Australia, and it is barley mentioned in the gambling legislations of the states. In fact, in some of them it’s not even mentioned, and just general gambling laws can be applied to it.

Some take advantage of this as well, and bingo halls are found throughout the country, which are just slot halls, disguised as bingo halls, and their primary source of income are pokies.

Online Bingo is regulated by the 2001 Interactive Gaming Act (although this wasn’t clear for a long time, but amendments, especially the Interactive Gambling Amendment Bill 2016 made this clear). Playing housie online is legal for all Australian players. However, it’s illegal for Australian companies, if they target Australian players, and money is involved.

Offshore online gambling operators are also banned from offering real-money bingo games to Australians by the Interactive Gaming Act. However, this is unenforceable. As a result, and due to the lack of local alternatives, Australian bingo players flock to foreign online gambling operators.

Online bingo sites accepting players from Australia - click to see

The following online bingo websites accept players from Australia:

 

I can’t recommend any right now. In fact, I don’t know any right now. If you know any online live bingo site that accepts Australian players, please drop a link in the comments section. Thank you.

 

Poker in Australia

Poker in Australia: legal, inside licensed gambling establishments

Online Poker in Australia: illegal since 2016, players not prosecuted (legal to play, illegal for companies to offer real-money games for Australians)

 

Poker of all sorts is very popular in Australia. In fact, according to surveys*, Australia has the 10th most real-money poker players (despite the 2016 ban).

In order to discuss the legal status, a distinction needs to be made between the various forms of poker in the country:

Video poker machines, or pokies: They are legal since 1956, and  are very prevalent in Australia. They are legal in every state, if nothing else than in licensed casinos. But apart form Western Australia, pokies can be found in licensed venues (liquor license), and so called “clubs” (slot halls basically) and in hotels too.

Poker: The semi-skill based card game is also legal in licensed gambling establishments. However, there are no standalone poker clubs in Australia, and there is no standalone poker license. Cash games, tournaments and house banked games are all legal.

Online poker: It was originally meant to be outlawed by the 2001 Interactive Gaming Act. However, due to various loopholes, it remained legal. These loopholes were only closed by the  2016 Interactive Gambling Amendment Bill. And ever since, the same laws apply to online poker, as those, which apply to online casinos. Which means, that it’s illegal for companies to accept Australian players. However, the players themselves are not fined or punished, and plying poker online is not criminalized. Due the the 2016 amendment law, none of the mayor poker platforms accept players from Australia.

Charity poker: Gaming activity conducted for the purposes of raising money, for the active promotion, support or conduct of any sporting, social, political, literary, artistic, scientific, benevolent, charitable or other like activity is tax free, and can be organized outside of licensed gambling establishments as well. Its an exemption. However, the funds strictly cannot be used for commercial or private gain.

Source:

ResearchGate – The Market for Online Poker

Online casinos which have online poker sections and accept players from Australia - click to see

The following online casino websites have poker and accept players from Australia:

Due to the 2016 2016 Interactive Gambling Amendment Bill, none of the poker platforms I personally use accept Australian players anymore. Therefore, I can’t recommend any.

 

Sports betting in Australia

Bookmakers, sports books in Australia: legal, operators require a licence

Online sports betting in Australia: legal, operators require a licence (except live, in-play betting)

 

Sports betting in brick & mortar betting shops, bookmakers is legal, and very popular. There are many big operators present on the Australian market. Over half a million Australian adults (574,000) are estimated to regularly wager on sports (2015 value, higher by now).*

As in every country in the world, sports bettors are overwhelmingly male (88%), aged between 18 and 49 (75%), and work full-time (70%).

Online sports betting is specifically named as exempt from the 2001 Interactive Gambling Act, and therefore legal.

However, the legal situation is somewhat more complex. The 2001 gambling law, the Interactive Gaming Act bans the offering of real-money online interactive gambling services to Australian punters. Hence, Australian online sports betting platforms may not offer any live – that is, in-play – wagering to Australian bettors. However, betting before the start of the game is not considered interactive, and may be conducted legally online or offline.

Source:

*Australian Gambling Research Centre – Sports betting in Australia

Online bookmakers accepting registrations from Australia - click to see

The following online sportsbooks accept bettors from Australia:

I can’t recommend any right now. I’m not very familiar with Australian bookies.. If you know any online sports betting site that accepts Australian players, please drop a link in the comments section. Thank you.

 

Lottery in Australia

Lottery in Australia: legal since 1880, usually a monopoly of Tabcorp Holdings Limited or one of the smaller the state owned lottery companies

Online lottery in Australia: legal, except for instant-win, usually a monopoly of Tabcorp Holdings Limited or one of the smaller the state owned lottery companies

 

Lottery is legal in Australia, and there are several companies (private and state owned). The biggest lottery operator by far is Tabcorp Holdings Limited (formerly Tatts Group, renamed since 2017, after a merger). Tabcorp has a near monopoly on lottery and online lottery in Australia.

Tabcorp Holdings Limited operates the following lotteries:

  • Golden Casket (lottery of Queensland)
  • SA Lotteries (lottery of South Australia)
  • NSW Lotteries (lottery of New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory)
  • Tatts Lottery (lottery of Victoria, Tasmania, The Northern Territory, Jervis Bay and Norfolk Island)

 

The other big lottery companies not yet owned by Tabcorp Holding Limited are:

  • Lotterywest (lottery of Western Australia, Christmas Island and Cocos Islands)
  • Intralot Australia (lottery of Tasmania)

 

Oly the following state and territories do not have a lottery monopoly (it might be a duopoly or it’s free market competition):

  • Tasmania,
  • Australian Capital Territory,
  • New South Wales,
  • Victoria,
  • Australian Capital Territory,
  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands,
  • Coral Sea Islands,
  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands,
  • Australian Antarctic Territory,
  • Coral Sea Islands.

 

Online lottery is also legal in Australia, and it is similarly dominated by Tabcorp, and their online lottery platform the Lott, which acts and an aggregator, and not only sell the products of their company, but also sell Lotterywest tickets online (therefore, Tabcorp’s dominance is even more pronounced in the digital space).

Additionally, the following websites let people from Australia purchase lottery tickets online:

 

Bitcoin, cryptocurrency gambling in the Commonwealth of Australia

Bitcoin, cryptocurrency wagering in Australia: legal to play, possibly legal to operate as well

 

Cryptocurrencies are treated as property in Australia, according to Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Act 2006 (AML/CTF 2006), section 5 and associated rules. The legislator specifically stated that Bitcoin (and cryptocurrencies that shared its characteristics) should be treated as property. This means that land-based casino and Australian online gambling platforms can not accept it as currency.

However, there is also no specific legislation in the Commonwealth of Australia, regarding the use of alternative digital currencies to place bets.

The Australian gambling law, the Interactive Gaming Act prohibits operators from offering real-money games to Australian players. However, bitcoin is considered property, meaning all transactions made in Bitcoin are considered barter. Therefore, it seems like, foreign online casinos accepting bitcoin, litecoin, ethereum, etc… wagers from Australia do not fall under the scope of the Interactive Gambling Act (and some of them do accept cryptocurrency wagers from the country, they seem to be are aware of this, there is a list of them below, MANDATORY LEGAL DISCLAIMER: I’m not not licensed Australian lawyer, therefore this is not legal advice, only this is what my research suggest, ask your lawyer for legal advice).

The bitcoin casinos below accept players from Australia.

Online casinos accepting crypto and players from Australia - click to see

The following online casino websites accept bitcoin, litecoin and ethereum, and accept players from Australia:

 

RichPrize Casino

This is RichPrize Casino's animated GIF banner advertising their new exclusive games and their free spins and casino bonuses. You can read about these promotional offers below the animated banner. By clicking on the banner you will be taken to the casino's website where you can register and play.
RichPrize Casino bonus offers
USA and Canada players are accepted. However, US players can only deposit and withdraw money using cryptocurrencies! (this restriction only applies to US players, and only in this casino)
  • 100% match bonus, up to $400 + 25 free spins, no code needed
  OR:
  • Confirm email or phone, apply code: LADYDAY, make deposit from 21 to 400 EUR/USD and receive 88% + 88 free spins, limited time only, if it is no longer valid, please drop a comment and let me know
  OR:
  • Confirm email or phone, apply code: WEST100 make deposit pf at least 21 EUR/USD and receive 100 free spins, limited time only, if it is no longer valid, please drop a comment and let me know
  Returning players usually get 25% - 33% cashback, one of the highest regular cashbacks online. Even if you end up losing you will get about 30% of your money back (returning players only).

Playthrough requirements and wagering limitations

All bonuses and promotions are subject to the following wagering limitations and playthrough requirements.
  • Playthrough requirement: Bonus wagering x40 applied.
  • Free spins wagering x40 applied.
  Check the casino's web page for the specific, up to date, current playthrough requirements and wagering limitations, does not apply to bonuses for returning players which have different (significantly better) paythrough requirements.
Wagering limitation:
  • 7 days to wager bonus.
  • Slots wagering allowed.
  • Slots wagering participation 100%.
  • Min bet 0.01 EUR - Max bet 3 EUR.
  • Betting Games wagering not allowed.
  • Providers allowed for wagering: Limited to enabled games only.
  • Player can cancel bonus at any time. Please note: Upon cancellation of the bonus the balance will be adjusted to the balance before bonus activation.
 

 

 

This page is part of Simon’s List – Legal Status of Online Gambling – a definitive guide to the legal status of all forms of online gambling activities in every country around the world.

 

Last updated: 2021-07-22

Gamble responsibly,
SimonTheSorcerer

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Summary
Simon's Guide to the Legal Status of Online Gambling in Australia
Article Name
Simon's Guide to the Legal Status of Online Gambling in Australia
Description
Guide to the legal status of online gambling in Australia, including online poker, internet casino gambling, electronic sports betting and digital lotteries in Australia. A list of online casinos accepting Australian players is also included.
Author
Simon András Péter (SimonTheSorcerer)
Simon's Online Marketing Kft.
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2 Responses

  1. I recently got an email from Tattslotto stating that they were banning international online players.
    Any truth in this or just taking the mickey..
    Joe…. Ireland

    1. Yes, this appears to be true, and yes, they can ban online players any time they want (it’s in their terms & conditions). Thanks for bringing this to my attention.

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