Simon’s Kola Nut Guide

The kola nut is the fruit of the kola tree. The tree itself is native to the tropical rainforests of Africa. It’s important to note, that the Cola genus, which is part of the Sterculiaceae family, contains over 120 species of trees. The two most widely used and cultivated species in the genus are Cola acuminata and Cola nitida. This is because their fruits are easily edible and taste good – unlike many other trees in the genus, the fruits of which are hard and inedible. These are also the two species with by far the most economic importance. 

Kola nuts contain considerable amounts of caffeine and theobromine –  both recognised stimulants. They are therefore widely embraced in their native lands as a legal, natural stimulants.

In the western world, kola nut is mostly known as the flavouring ingredient in beverages, mainly the legendary drink Coca Cola, which in fact got its name after it. However, kola nut hasn’t gained much popularity in this part of the world as a stimulant.

If you come across commercially available kola nut on the internet, there’s a good chance, that its gonna be either Cola nitida or Cola acuminata. These are also the species with the highest caffeine and theobromine content, and therefore they have the most potent, natural stimulating effects.

 


 

Interesting facts about kola nut:

 

Kola nut plays a very important role in Nigerian culture. Even though the country has a population of over 180 million and over 500 ethnic groups present between its borders, the veneration of kola nut is shared by the vast majority of its inhabitants, regardless of ethnicity or status.

The kola nut is a central element in different rituals – both traditional and christian – even in contemporary Nigerian culture. Ceremonies of birth and death, marriage and divorce, all include some form of ritual cola nut consumption. It is even presented on events of political rallies and also used in sanctifying the ground for ordination of priests and in the invocation of the gods.

Amongst peoples of Nigeria, kola nut plays the most important role in the lives of the Igbos – an ethnic group in the country which represent 18% of its total population. They use kola nuts in, for instance, social rituals of hospitality as welcome offerings to guests.

A picture of an Igbo kola nut welcoming ceremony.
An igbo kola nut welcoming ceremony.

 


 

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Kola nut guide

 

 

 

Kola nut – legal status

 

Kola nut doesn’t contain any illegal substances. There is also no indication of any country or state, where any restrictions exist on its use or cultivation.

It appears to be legal everywhere. If you have conflicting information, feel free to share it in the comments section below!

 

 

Buy kola nuts

 

It is a relatively easy-to-obtain, potent and not terribly expensive legal stimulant. You can buy it at many stores online. However, for maximum effects, it’s best if you buy kola nut extract.

Buy kola nut – US

I cannot currently recommend any shops to buy kola nut extract from the US.

Buy kola nut – Europe, Netherlands

 

A picture of kola nut extract. You can order it from the Netherlands.
Buy kola nut extract from the Netherlands

I recommend buying kola nut extract (Cola nitida) from the following place:

Buy kola nut (Cola nitida) extract /shipped from the Netherlands/


 

 

Main active ingredients of kola nut

 

The main active ingredients in kola nut are caffeine and theobromine. Both are recognised stimulants and can be also found in cocoa beans and powder (also chocolate and other foods prepared from cocoa).

The structure of theobromine - one of the main active ingredients in kola nuts (studies on their chemical content were conducted mainly on Cola acuminata and Cola nitida).
Theobromine – an active ingredient in kola nut

The structure of caffeine - the main active ingredient in kola nuts (studies on their chemical content were conducted mainly on Cola nitida and Cola acuminata)
Caffeine – the main ingredient in kola nut

Herbal medicinal preparations of kola nut extract are typically standardised for a caffeine and theobromine content of approx. 1,5-2,5%. However, depending on the variety of nut characterised, as
well as the treatment of the kola nut, caffeine content can reportedly vary between 1,5% and 3,8%.

Source: Safety assessment of kola nut extract as a food ingredient

 

 

The effects of kola nut

 

As the main active ingredient in kola nuts is caffeine, its effects are almost identical to that of caffeine. All of us (at least, coffee drinkers) are familiar with these effects, that include:

  • stimulation of the central nervous system (can alleviate symptoms of depression)
  • improved mental alertness
  • restored vitality – kola nuts are instant energisers
  • generally improved mood
  • in some cases, they reportedly boost libido

Kola nut contains more caffeine than coffee – approx. 3 times more and its effects are slightly different. In one reported experience, a user talked about a “mild bodily buzz”, unlike anything caused by coffee.

Source: The Miracle of Nuts Seeds and Grains – The Scientific Facts About the Nutritional Properties and Medicinal Values of Nuts, Seeds and Grains

 

 

Dangers of kola nut

 

Kola nut is generally considered safe. All the possible adverse effects of kola nuts are associated with their high caffeine content. Consumed in normal amounts, neither kola nut nor coffee, or any other stimulants do any harm. However, excessive caffeine intake can result in unpleasant symptoms, such as (according to the FDA):

  • Make you jittery and shaky
  • Make it hard to fall asleep, stay asleep, or get a good night’s sleep
  • Make your heart beat faster
  • Cause an uneven heart rhythm
  • Raise your blood pressure
  • Cause headaches, nervousness, and/or dizziness
  • Make you dehydrated (dried out) especially after a workout
  • Make you dependent on it so you need to take more of it

Caffeine also induces an increased gastric acid secretion, which may cause unpleasant symptoms for people suffering from stomach ulcers.

Caffeine overdose can lead to vomiting blood and cardiac arrest.

Any caffeine or stimulant should be avoided in the case of high blood pressure, or other cardiovascular conditions and pregnancy.

Source: FDA – Medicines in my Home: Caffeine and Your Body  

 

 

Kola nut health benefits

 

Kola nut has many reported health benefits. The more obvious ones of these are associated with its caffeine content and its properties as a stimulant. Cola nut’s benefits include:

  • alleviates symptoms of depression
  • induces weight loss by decreasing appetite
  • relieves migraine headaches
  • corrects diarrhoea caused by nervousness
  • aids digestion by increasing gastric acid secretion
  • expands the airway passages, thus relieving asthma attacks
  • has diuretic effects

Source: The Miracle of Nuts Seeds and Grains – The Scientific Facts About the Nutritional Properties and Medicinal Values of Nuts, Seeds and Grains

 

 

Kola nut – consumption, preparation

 

While the most easy and straightforward way to consume cola nuts is to eat them as they are, a more pleasant way of consumption is to brew a kind of tea from ground kola nuts or kola nut extract.

To prepare this beverage, you only have to put the ground nuts or extract in hot water and let it soak for around 15 mins. Than drink it without straining the liquid.

A shop I know that sells kola nut (Cola nitida) extract recommends 1 tablespoon of extract for light, 2 tablespoons for medium and 3 for strong effects. The extract is around 10x, so if you have plain, ground nuts, you’ll have to use significantly more.

These are, of course the average doses. If you weigh significantly more or less than the average person, you might need to adjust the dose.

You will experience effects similar to those after drinking a nice, big cup of hot coffee. However, kola nut – especially the extract – is reportedly much stronger. If you like the effects of caffeine in general, you will definitely enjoy this!

 

Buy kola nut – US

 

I cannot currently recommend any shop to buy kola nut extract from the US.

 

Buy kola nut – Europe, Netherlands

 

You can buy kola nut extract (Cola nitida) in Europe from the following place:

Buy kola nut (Cola nitida) extract /shipped from the Netherlands/

 

 

Kola nut experiences

 

I only found one experience report of kola nut online that appeared to be valid. I’ll included an excerpt from it below:

“Attempting to put them in a coffee maker resulted in disaster, but putting one part cola and 4 parts water in a sauce pan turned out a fragrant, pleasant tasting decoction which provided effects not unlike caffeine.

The major difference from tablet caffeine and caffeinated beverages is a distinct ‘body buzz’. I know the Kola Nut has kicked in when my back muscles start tensing up. Not mentally stimulating at all. I can understand why kola nuts have been chewed by labourers for hundreds of years. Also dubbed and aphrodisiac, which doesn’t surprise me at all.

Kola nut turns the brain off and the body on.”

Source: Erowid Experience Vault – Kola Nut – Brain Off, Body On

 


 

If you find this kola nut guide useful please give it a “+1”:

Thank you! It helps my website a lot.

 

Share your own trip report in the comment section below (to ensure anonymity don’t use your real name or real email address when submitting trip reports)!

Some of the information presented here might be outdated or incorrect (check “last updated” below). Make sure, that if you are planning to try out any of the substances to research them yourself as well.

I’m 100% committed to safe and responsible legal high consumption. If you have a few minutes to spare please read my blog post about responsible and safe legal drugs use.

 

kola nut is only one of the legal highs included in Simon’s legal high guide, check out the others as well.

If you are only interested in legal light drugs, then check out Simon’s legal light drugs for more (coming soon).

 

Last updated: 2015. 12. 14.

Simon’s Coca Leaves Guide

The name coca does not refer to a single species, but to one of four plants in the Erythroxylaceae family. The plant is native to South America, and cultivated in several countries in the region.

The coca plant can grow to a height of 3 meters. It has yellowish flowers and red berries. It is the leaves of the coca plant that are used for recreational purposes.

Coca leaves have several traditional uses. There are several healing properties attributed to coca, some of which have been proven effective by clinical studies.

Apart from its effects on the user, coca has been used in various religious rituals as well. The leaves – when they weren’t chewed or made into tea – were often used for divinations, as one would read the future from tea leaves.

Branches and berries of a coca plant.
Coca plant

 

Effects of the Coca leaves

Coca leaves contain several alkaloids, of which the main active ingredient is cocaine. Its refined form, which is generally meant by the name cocaine is consumed nasally.

Coca leaves, on the other hand, are generally chewed or brewed into a tea. The onset of the effects of coca leaves is somewhat slower than with cocaine.

Coca leaves are generally consumed to achieve effects similar to those of cocaine, though milder. Coca leaves act as a stimulant suppressing fatigue as well as pain and hunger.

 

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Coca leaves guide

 

 


 

 Coca leaves – legal status

 

In most countries, outside of South America, coca leaves are affected by the same laws as cocaine. Cocaine is generally considered a controlled substance.

Cocaine has several medical uses, which is acknowledged by many countries. A distinction can be made between countries where cocaine is completely banned and where only recreational use is illegal, medical is not.

This entry is mainly about the recreational use of coca leaves. If you are looking to use cocaine for medical reasons, please consult the appropriate laws and your general practitioner.

 

Let’s see a country-by-country breakdown: 

Coca leaves – legal status
USANo distinction is made between coca and cocaine. Both are considered controlled substances (schedule II), and only legally available on prescription, for medical reasons.
ArgentinaCocaine in its processed form is illegal, but coca leaves are not. Chewing coca leaves and drinking coca tea is allowed. Small-scale sale is also legal, but wholesale supply is not.
AustraliaNo distinction is made between coca and cocaine. Both are considered controlled substances (schedule 8), and only legally available on prescription, for medical reasons.
BoliviaCocaine in its processed form is illegal, but coca leaves are not. Chewing coca leaves and drinking coca tea is allowed.
BrazilBoth cocaine and coca are controlled substances. Cultivation of coca leaves is illegal, though possession of the leaves does not seem to be prosecuted.
ColombiaPossession of up to 1 gram of cocaine for personal use is legal (sale is not). Coca leaves are also legal in Colombia.
NetherlandsBoth cocaine and coca leaves are illegal. However, the ban on the possession of living plants does not seem to be enforced.
ParaguayBoth cocaine and coca are controlled substances. Cultivation of coca leaves is illegal, though possession of the leaves does not seem to be prosecuted.
PeruCoca plants may be cultivated and the leaves sold and consumed freely. Possession of up to 2 grams of cocaine is also legal, if one is not carrying more than two kinds of drugs.
UKNo distinction is made between coca and cocaine. Both are considered controlled substances (class A), and only legally available on prescription, for medical reasons.

 

Sources: Transnational Institutedruglawreform.infoErowidtheguardian


Coca leaves for sale

 

Possession and consumption of coca leaves is decriminalised and tolerated in several countries. However, sale of the plant is only fully legal in a handful of South American countries.

Coca leaves are not legal in my country and I have no experience with them.

However I did find a South American place that sells coca leaves online and ships to the US (even though it’s illegal?!?) and to Europe as well.

Keep in mind, this is clearly illegal and I have no idea how this online shop is not yet prosecuted. Order at your own risk!

Buy coca leaves /Shipped from Peru./

Traditional use of coca leaves

 

Evidence for the first use of coca were found in 3000 year-old mummies, though there are claims of even older remains.

The indigenous tribes of South America attributed divine origins to the coca plant. According to one myth, the first coca plant grew from the body of Cocomama, the goddess of health and joy.

Coca leaves were used for divinations, similarly to reading from tea leaves. The sacred leaves were used in religious rituals, as well as recreationally, at social events such as weddings.

 


 

Modern use of coca leaves

 

 

Coca leaves were popularised outside of South America through a paper by Dr. Paolo Montegazza. Various concoctions containing cocaine were advertised and sold, touting (often unfounded) health benefits.

Along with “coca wine”, a widely popular drink was also prepared with coca leaves; Coca-Cola. Coca-Cola actually used to contain the alkaloid cocaine. Today, however, the coca flavouring used in the creation is decocainized.

 


 

Coca leaf effects

 

Coca leaves contain several alkaloids, of which cocaine is considered the main active ingredient. Leaves of the coca plant contain on average 0,8% cocaine, though this can range from 0,3% to 1,5%.

The alkaloid cocaine has been studied thoroughly. It exerts its effects mainly through binding to dopamine transporters, thereby preventing dopamine from being “recycled”, causing it to accumulate.

Structure of the alkaloid cocaine
Structure of cocaine

Cocaine also affects serotonin receptors in a similar way. The alkaloid inhibits the reuptake of 5-HT3, though how exactly this causes the effects is yet unclear.

The traditional method of chewing coca leaves (read on for methods of consumption) actually involves keeping the leaves in one’s mouth. This allows for a crude “extraction” of the alkaloids in the plant through the mucous membrane of the mouth.

This method means that the absorbed substances include not only cocaine; also the consumable amount is limited compared to purified cocaine. This is what causes the milder effects of the coca leaves.

Coca leaves are generally consumed for their stimulating effect. The alkaloids in the leaves suppress fatigue, hunger, thirst and pain as well. Coca leaves may also cause euphoria, though not nearly to the extent purified cocaine does.

 

Sources: drugs-forummayoclinic


 

Dangers of coca leaves

 

Coca leaves, while milder in effects, also present less dangers and risks than cocaine does. Coca leaves do not cause a physiological dependence, though psychological is always a possibility, depending on the user.

Coca is a stimulant, which means it causes elevated heart rate and high blood pressure. Consuming coca leaves has a chance to lead to a heart attack or stroke. Those with high blood pressure, tachycardia or a history of strokes should refrain from using coca.

Long-term side effects of coca tea use are relatively under-researched. So far there have been practically no reports of negative effects caused by long-term use (not cocaine! coca tea). Chewing coca leaves does cause bad breath, and other substances used along with the leaves may damage the mucous membrane of the mouth.

It should also be noted, that while coca leaves are consumed for their suppression of hunger and fatigue, this may also pose risks. Forgetting to eat can cause low blood sugar, which is especially dangerous for those with diabetes.


 

Interactions with coca leaves

 

As with all drugs, caution should be exercised when taking two substances with similar effects. Coca is a stimulant causing high blood pressure, and using it in combination with similar medicines or botanicals may significantly increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.

 


 

Coca leaves health benefits

 

Coca leaves have been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. Coca leaves are chewed in the Andes to help with altitude sickness.

The alkaloids in the coca plant suppress pain and fatigue, making it an effective pain reliever. This effect is also observable when the substance is applied topically, alleviating the pain of bone fractures and arthritis.

As previously mentioned, coca leaves do not cause physical addiction. This has made it possible to use coca as a means to treat cocaine addicts.

 


 

Chewing coca leaves

 

The traditional way to consume coca leaves, or rather the alkaloids from the plant, is by chewing. However, this expression is not precise, as the method involves very little chewing, and more sucking on the leaves.

First, the freshly dried leaves are gently chewed to wet them with saliva and form a small ball of them. (The veins of the leaves can be removed to prevent damage to the mouth.) The recommended dosage is pretty much the amount of leaves that fits comfortably in the mouth, reported to be between 3-7 grams per session.

The ball is kept between the gum and the cheek, but at this point, the saliva does not extract the alkaloids yet. For this purpose an alkaline agent such as edible lime or baking soda is added.

The onset of the effects takes about 20 minutes, and lasts up to one hour. There have been practically no reported after effects. Sore feelings in the mouth are caused not by the coca leaves themselves, but by the basifying agent (lime).

 

 


 

Coca tea

 

The other popular way to consume coca leaves, aside from chewing, is in the form of coca tea. The tea can be prepared by using fresh leaves, or by ground seeds in a teabag.

The taste and smell of the brew is generally considered to be pleasant, similar to that of green tea. The stimulating effects of coca tea are weaker than one may experience by chewing the leaves.

The tea is generally consumed not as a recreational substance, but for its healing properties. Coca tea is reported to alleviate pain and help with gastrointestinal problems.

 


 

Coca leaves for sale

Possession and consumption of coca leaves is decriminalised and tolerated in several countries. However, sale of the plant is only fully legal in a handful of South American countries.

Coca leaves are not legal in my country and I have no experience with them.

However I did find a South American place that sells coca leaves online and ships to the US (even though it’s illegal?!?) and to Europe as well.

Keep in mind, this is clearly illegal and I have no idea how this online shop is not yet prosecuted. Order at your own risk!

Buy coca leaves /Shipped from Peru./

Coca leaves – trip reports

The following are online reports of ordinary people who have tried chewing coca leaves or coca tea.

“Within 5 minutes I am feeling good, my breathing becomes more regular, and any tiredness I had is gone. I am able to concentrate better, and find I am more productive. It feels like a strong cup of coffee, but without the jitters. I switched from daily latte to daily coca chewing and will never go back. I soon realized that coca is a way ‘cleaner’ high, on an entirely different plain than coffee. The Incas believed it was divine. And so do I.

– Excerpt from Mike’s coca leaves experience report

“The tea bags smell very much like green tea, or more specifically, like the roasted form of green tea known in Japanese as hoji-cha. The smell is somewhat rounder and less tannic than hoji-cha, however. After steeping, the tea has a dark greenish brown color. I gave the tea a taste, its not particularly good so I add sugar and some cream.

I began to notice the effects by the time I’d finished half the cup, and it developed slowly, reaching its peak a few minutes after finishing the cup. Its a very mild and subtle energized feeling, about as stimulating as a cup of coffee. There is a nice warm feeling that spreads through your body. There is a happy and content feeling from it, but nothing at all like the ego-inflated euphoria of snorting cocaine.

In fact, the effects don’t resemble snorting cocaine at all. I could spot a few similarities, and I could tell that cocaine is part of the picture, but the other alkaloids in the leaf obviously make a big difference. The effects lingered for an hour or two, then gradually faded away. There were no aftereffects at all. “

– Excerpts from Alcaloidaholic’s Coca leaves trip report

 

If you find this Coca leaves guide useful please give it a “+1”: 

Thank you!

 

Share your own trip report in the comment section below (to ensure anonymity don’t use your real name or real email address when submitting trip reports)!

Some of the information presented here might be outdated or incorrect (check “last updated” below). If you are planning to try out any of the substances, make sure to to research them yourself as well.

I’m 100% committed to safe and responsible legal high consumption. If you have a few minutes to spare please read my blog post about responsible and safe legal drugs use.

 

Coca leaves is only one of the legal highs included in Simon’s legal high guide, check out the others as well.

If you are only interested in legal stimulants, then check out Simon’s Legal Stimulants for more.

 

Last updated: 2015. 12. 07.

Simon’s Cocoa Guide

Cacao or cocoa powder is the dried and ground, fully fermented fatty seed of the Theobroma cacao tree.  The tree itself, is native to the deep tropical regions of Central and South America.  Cocoa solids and cocoa butter are extracted from the cocoa beans. These extracts are the main ingredients of chocolate – probably the most popular of the sweets on the planet.

Not many people know that apart from its culinary uses and health benefits, cacao also has mild psychoactive properties and it is one of the few psychoactive plants you can buy at almost any grocery store, along with nutmeg.

There is also some ambiguity regarding, whether or not cocoa and cacao are the same things. Some articles out there seem to “uncover” the differences between the two. They are saying that cacao powder is ground, raw cocoa beans, whilst cocoa powder is made from the processed beans, and has less nutritional value. However, several sources, both official and unofficial suggest that the two are in fact the same, and naming a product “cacao powder” instead of cocoa is merely an excuse for certain health food shops to sell it at a higher price.

The American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seems to be using the two words interchangeably in its “Requirements for Specific Standardized Cacao Products” document.

Source: Requirements for Specific Standardized Cacao Products  (FDA)

 


 

Interesting facts about Theobroma cacao:

 

The Aztecs were reported to make intoxicating chocolate cocktails, called (“cacao water”). However, the psychoactive properties of this beverage was largely attributed to additional plants in the mixture

An Aztec painting depicting a shaman drinking a psychoactive "cacahuatl", made from ground cocoa beans and psychoactive herbs.
An Aztec painting depicting a shaman drinking a psychoactive “cacahuatl”.

These cacao drinks were sometimes merely a vehicle for Datura stramonium, possibly DMT-containing Virola barks, psilocybin mushrooms and many other massively psychoactive herbs. These were not exactly the kinds of hot chocolate drinks we associate with christmas fairs.

Source: The Origins of Chocolate, Erowid

 


 

If you find this cocoa guide useful please give it a “+1”:

Thank you! It helps my website a lot.

 


 

Cocoa guide

 

 

 

Cocoa – legal status

 

Cocoa is legal in every country around the world.

 

 

Buy cocoa

 

Some cocoa products are available in nearly every grocery store worldwide. However, you have to look for 100%, pure cocoa powder, without added sugar.
If you are trying to experience the full theobromine high you need organic, un processed cocoa beans and nibs, see below.

 

Buy cocoa – US

 

A picture of cocoa nibs - made from cocoa beans.
Buy cocoa nibs from the US

If you are interested in experiencing the full spectrum of the psychoactive effects of theobromine I strongly recommend organic, unprocessed cacao nibs.

I recommend buying theobromine rich cocoa nibs from the US here:

Buy cocoa nibs /shipped from the US, credit cards accepted/

Buy organic, unprocessed cocoa – Europe

 

I cannot currently recommend any shops in Europe, that would sell theobromine rich, organic cacao.

 


 

 

Main active ingredients in cocoa beans

 

The structure of the theobromine compound - the main active ingredient in cocoa beans, responsible for most psychoactive effects.
Theobromine – one of the active ingredients in cocoa powder

The main active ingredients in cacao beans are theobromine and caffeine.

Generally, caffeine and theobromine are said to be responsible for the psychoactive properties of chocolate.

Studies have shown, that there is approximately 26g of theobromine and 24g of caffeine in 1kg of unprocessed cocoa beans.

Chocolate products also contain considerable amount of theobromine and caffeine. There is substantially more of both substances in dark chocolate. The ‘strongest’ chocolate product of Hersey, called SCHARFFEN BERGER 82% Extra Dark Chocolate Bar for instance, contains 370mg theobromine and 42mg caffeine in a 43g chocolate bar. That is, approximately 8.6g theobromine and 0.98g caffeine per kg.

Sources:

Simultaneous determination of theobromine, (+)-catechin, caffeine, and (-)-epicatechin in standard reference material baking chocolate 2384, cocoa, cocoa beans, and cocoa butter

Thehersheycompany.com: Caffeine & Theobromine

 

The effects of cocoa powder – the “cocoa high”

 

Some consider the “cocoa high” merely a placebo effect and others attribute it to the general pleasure of drinking or eating something very sweet. And other attribute it entirely to caffeine.
However, theobromine is a stimulant, with effects “milder and longer lasting” than caffeine’s. Enhanced mood is often reported as well.

Some claim that they experience a certain high, when drinking shakes and other drinks prepared from large doses of pure cocoa powder.

The reported effects of the cocoa high are:

  • caffeine-like stimulation
  • enhanced mood
  • mild euphoria

Theobromine is also reported to make one urinate more frequently*.

*Source: The Word of Wisdom: Discovering the LDS Code of Health by  Dr. Scott A. Johnson

 

The dangers of cocoa

 

Cocoa is generally considered safe. However, almost anything (even water) can be harmful if consumed in overly large quantities.

It has been reported, that very large quantities of theobromine can cause nausea and anorexia.

Also, daily intake of 50-100g cocoa (0.8-1.5g theobromine) over a longer period has been associated with sweating, trembling and severe headaches.

The dangers of cacao are much greater for pets. Household animals, such as dogs and cats metabolise theobromine at a much slower pace than humans and in their case, fatal “chocolate poisoning” is a realistic possibility.  Do not feed your pets chocolate!

Source:

World Health Organisation: IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans

 

Theobroma cacao health benefits

 

Cocoa has several proven health benefits. First of all, numerous studies have suggested, that cocoa has beneficial effects on cardiovascular diseases. It has also been reported, that regular consumption of dark chocolate bars for 15 days can reduce systolic blood pressure in healthy subjects. The reason for this, is that some ingredients of cocoa cause significant vasodilatation (they dilate blood vessels).

Cocoa also reportedly alleviated symptoms of diabetes during tests.

A study in Switzerland also confirmed that chocolate reduces stress. Following 14 days of regular dark chocolate ingestion, stress parameters in the adults with high anxiety profiles became comparable with the generally low-stress subjects.

There seems to exist a general consensus, that eating lots of chocolate makes one fat. While in practice, this is probably true, studies have shown that some of the components of the cocoa bean actually have anti-obesity effects.  In a study, an identical high fat diet, with or without cocoa, was fed to rats for three weeks. Cocoa consumption led to a significant decrease in total body weight during the test.

Source: Chocolate/cocoa and human health: a review (The Netherlands Journal of Medicine)

 

Cocoa powder – consumption, preparation

 

Cocoa powder’s psychoactive effects are only noticeable when consumed in amounts exceeding the everyday dosage. This is not possible just by eating more chocolate. Only very dark chocolate and unprocessed cocoa powder or beans contain enough theobromine to feel anything.

The following is a very very strong chocolate drink made from pure cocoa powder, that is guaranteed to trigger the stimulating effects of cocoa!

For this drink you will need  organic cocoa powder, or pulverise the unprocessed beans or nibs yourself (recommended). The latter option takes a bit more time, but it leads to a much more enjoyable experience.

Go to the next tab, to see how it’s made!

Here is how to do it:

  • Boil around 8 oz (0,23l) milk
  • Add enough pure cocoa powder to the mix, so it turns a “deep, rich, reddish brown colour”
  • Add lots of sugar (optional, otherwise very bitter)
  • Add some cream, about 2 oz (0,05l) – this should make the colour much lighter (also optional)
  • Add more cocoa until it gets dark again
  • Heat it ’till it is quite hot, but don’t let it boil again
  • Stir in about 2oz of chocolate powder and optionally add some more sugar
  • Drink it slowly

This should make you feel comfortable and relaxed, perhaps you will experience some mild euphoria as well. Some people are more sensitive to the effects of theobromine than others.

Source: Erowid: Psychoactive Cocoa

 

 

Buy cocoa

To experience a full cacao high I recommend unprocessed, organic cacao beans or powder.

Buy organic, unprocessed cocoa – US

 

A picture of cocoa nibs - you can buy them shipped from the US.
Buy cocoa nibs from the US

You can buy them here in the US:

Buy cocoa nibs /shipped from the US, credit cards accepted/

 

 

 

 

Cocoa “trip reports”

Obviously you won’t trip from cocoa. “Trip reports” are simply how  the online legal high community calls any experience with psychoactive substances.

Here are some excerpts from cocoa-experiences, from ordinary people, from all over the web:

“I had read that this bitter, brown powder* is unpalatable (as normal cocoa usually is), so I decided to cap a generously heaped teaspoon of the flour-like substance and wash it down with water.

Within about half an hour, I noticed the stimulating effects of about 5 espressos, with a noticeable tenseness not present in simple caffeine. There was also a euphoria which came in waves of increasing intensity – nothing like the gurning joy of MDMA or the bliss of opiates, but a pleasant, expansive lifting of mood like walking barefoot onto a patio on a sunny morning.”

*X25 cocoa extrat

Source: Erowid Cacao Vault: Not Your Mum’s Hot Cocoa

 

“I usually begin to feel relaxed and comfortable and happy after about 30 minutes. This feeling builds over the next hour and then slowly fades. I’m not sure if this is because of the alkaloids in the chocolate, or if it is due to the MASSIVE endorphin release that is supposedly happening when you eat something sweet and tasty. Whatever it is, I enjoy it. It is a good time to just sit down and chill out, read the paper, talk to friends, type a friendly e-mail. It isn’t a mind-blowing natural high, and it is not an entheogen by and stretch. It’s just a good feeling that comes from something palatable and fun to make. Happy Cocoa-making.”

Source: Erowid Cacao Vault: Psychoactive Cocoa

 


 

If you find this cocoa guide useful please give it a “+1”:

Thank you! It helps my website a lot.

 

Share your own trip report in the comment section below (to ensure anonymity don’t use your real name or real email address when submitting trip reports)!

Some of the information presented here might be outdated or incorrect (check “last updated” below). If you are planning to try out any of the substances, make sure to research them yourself as well.

I’m 100% committed to safe and responsible legal high consumption. If you have a few minutes to spare please read my blog post about responsible and safe legal drugs use.

Cocoa is only one of the legal highs included in Simon’s legal high guide, check out the others as well.

If you are only interested in legal light drugs, then check out Simon’s legal light drugs for more information. – Coming soon!

 

Last updated: 2015. 12. 07.

Simon’s Paan Guide

First of all, there is a lot of confusion regarding paan.

Let me clarify it.

The three main betel products are:

Betel nut, nut of the Areca catechu palm tree – Betel nut is what most people mean when they say Betel in the West (because fresh betel leaves are not available in the West, most people are only ever heard of Betel nuts).

Betel leaves from the plant Piper betle – This is what most people mean when they say betel in Asia.

And paan, which is mixture of betel leaves and betel nuts – Paan is practically unheard of outside of Asia. Paan is a combination of betel leaves, tobacco, lime and areca nuts, and it is commonly prepared during festivities.

Betel leaves and Betel nuts are both often called betel but they are not the same plant.

 

On the picture you can see traditionally prepared indian paan.
Indian, traditional paan

 

Paan

 

Paan is mixture of betel nuts, betel leaves and lime. Sometimes tobacco is added as well (mostly in India). Higher quality and more expensive variants include added spices, sugar, honey and decoration (mostly silver foil) as well.

Paan is originated from India.

The ingredients are synergistic. Therefore, paan produces the strongest psychoactive effects out of all betel products.

In Thailand Paan is called betel quid.

Paan is the most often consumed Betel product.

 

Difference between betel quids, paan and gutka

 

Paan is originated in India but it has spread all over South and Southeast Asia. There are three main varieties of paan:

  • paan masala (a.k.a india paan),
  • taiwanese betel quids,
  • and gutka.

 

A picture of banarasi paan. Banarasi paan is traditional, Indian sweet paan served with decorative silver foil and using the best ingredients. It's the most expensive version of Paan.
Banarasi paan

Paan masala – Traditional, Indian paan. There are many varieties of paan. Probably the two most well known are sweet paan (paan with cocktail cherry and/or with honey and other sweets). The other one is the high-end banarasi paan (on the picture, sweet paan with the best ingredients and decorative elements, served mostly in restaurants after dinner).
In India sweet paan is usually under US $1 per unit. Chewing time is around 20 minutes for Indian paan.

Taiwanese quids –   Betel quids contain the taiwan_betel_quidssame ingredients as traditional paan but are smaller and the shape is different (kinda like a mini burrito). In Taiwan, you will get around 10  betel quids for around US $1.25.
Chewing time is 5 minutes for a Taiwanese betel quid.

gutkaGutka – Gutka is the cheap, mass produced, packaged version of paan.

Gutka consists of areca nut, tobacco, catechu, paraffin wax, slaked lime and sweet or savory artificial flavorings. 

 

paan_betel_nut_on_betel_leaf
Paan: Betel nut + Betel leaf + Lime and tobacco

 

Effects of paan: the effects of paan are best described as a combination of tobacco and caffeine, it’s a mild stimulant and mild mood enhancer.


Interesting: in Taiwan scantily dressed woman selling paan, gutka, cigarettes are part of the accepted mainstream culture.

These so called “Betel nut beauties” can be seen alongside high-traffic roads all over Taiwan selling Betel and cigarettes.

On the picture is a "Betel nut girl". In Taiwan women dressed in lingerie sell paan, gutka, cigarettes and betel to drivers.
A scantily dressed “betel nut girl” selling paan, gutka and cigarettes to drivers.

If you find this paan guide useful please give it a “+1”:

Thank you! It helps my website a lot.

Paan guide

Buy paan – USA

You can buy Areca nuts in the US here:

Update: No longer sold in the US due to some changes in legislation (wholesale import is prohibited, small orders from outside the US are still fine).

Try ordering it from a European vendor below (they offer free international shipping).

Buy paan – Netherlands

To buy areca nuts in the Netherlands go here:

Haven’t found any Dutch stores selling it.

Let me know in the comments below if you know of a place, where you can buy Betel nut in the Netherlands or anywhere in mainland Europe online.

 

Paan:  One Indian Paan is one dose, and 2-3 Thai Betel quid is one dose.

 

Preparation:

Expensive, up-scale, Indian sweet paan:

 

Thai betel quid:

 

 

Betel leaves: 3-5 leaves are chewed per session.

However, many people chew up to 30 – 50 leaves per day.

Betel nuts: usual dosage is between 10 – 50 grams per day, per person, on average.

 

You need much less if you are chewing paan, because the ingredients are synergistic.

 

Dangers of paan consumption

Excessive paan chewing causes:

  • discoloration of  teeth
  • increased risk of oral cancer
  • loss of teeth

If paan is consumed with tobacco the risk is even higher!

Spitting out the chewed material in public spaces also poses a health risk. In crowded cities this biological contamination can help the spread of various diseases (it is banned in many cities).

There is also some evidence linking higher incidence of cardiovascular disease to more frequent use of betel.

Source: US national library of medicine – Mycotic pulmonary artery aneurysm: an unusual complication of ventriculo-atrial shunt

 

 

Paan health benefits

The main active ingredient in paan (arecoline) has been shown to improve the learning ability of healthy volunteers.

Intravenous administration of arecoline also improved the  verbal and spatial memory of Alzheimer’s patients.

Source: Physostigmine and arecoline: effects of intravenous infusions in Alzheimer presenile dementia

Arecoline has also been used medicinally as an antihelmintic (a drug against parasitic worms).

Source: Pubmed – Oral submucous fibrosis in a 12-year-old Bangladeshi boy: a case report and review of literature

According to traditional Ayurvedic medicine, chewing betel is a remedy for bad breath.

 

 

Paan trip reports

The following are trip reports of ordinary people from all over the web, who chewed betel nuts (one of the main ingredients of paan, couldn’t find any trip reports of just paan specifically):

I started by chewing half a slice, just to be on the safe side. Immediately, there was a striking sensation in the mouth – this is a powerful astringent. Another very striking effect was the flood of saliva released. 

About a minute after I started chewing, I felt something very mild. At that time, I decided I had enough of the taste and spit it out. There was a marked lightheadedness, but that was about it for the effects. So I decided to go for a whole slice.

As I chewed on that one, I felt a rather rapid (but still mild) effect. I would be very hesitant to call it a “rush” though, since I tend to reserve that term for things like Speedballs or IV Ketamine.

This is one of those stimulants that are simultaneously sedating and stimulating.”

Source: Bluelight – Areca nut – Trip report

“In less than 10 minutes my arms and legs felt a tingle and I felt very lightheaded.

Colors seemed a bit brighter and my vision was slightly off, I can best describe it as looking at life like it was a movie you watch on the internet not quite fluid a bit choppy, like a strobe light effect minus the light. Are you following me? I continued to chew more nuts and experienced several peaks on this trip. All in all very pleasing and relaxing. I was as the song goes ‘Comfortably Numb’. I would give just one word of caution, don’t chew betel nut while driving, I did this last weekend and it was a bit frightening. It’s a fun way to spend an evening at home with friends or by yourself.”

Source: Erowid – Betel nut – Trip report

“I got some baked and sliced betel nuts in the mail today with some edible lime (NOT the fruit, but the mineral).

Once it was all mixed I stuffed it between my jaw and my cheek, like dip. I kept it in for the next 4 hours. I found it gave me a great little buzz. Slightly giddy and talkative. Similar to coffee only smoother. When I found the buzz was going down I would chew on it some more then put it back into the dip position.”

Source: Erowid – Betel nut – Trip report

If you find this betel nut guide useful please give it a “+1”:

Thank you! It helps my website a lot.

 

 

Some of the information presented here might be outdated or incorrect (check “last updated” below). Make sure, that if you are planning to try out any of the substances to research them yourself as well.

I’m 100% committed to safe and responsible legal high consumption. If you have a few minutes to spare please read my blog post about responsible and safe legal drugs use

Paan is only one of the legal highs included in Simon’s legal high guide, check out the others as well.

If you are only interested in legal stimulants, then check out Simon’s Legal Stimulants for more.

Last updated: 2015 10. 21

Simon’s Betel Nut Guide


First of all, there is a lot of confusion regarding Betel nuts.

Let me clarify it.

The three main Betel products are:

Betel nut, nut of the Areca catechu palm tree – Betel nut is what most people mean when they say Betel in the West (because fresh betel leaves are not available in the West, most people are only ever heard of Betel nuts).

Betel leaves from the plant Piper betle – This is what most people mean when they say betel in Asia.

And paan, which is mixture of betel leaves and betel nuts – Paan is practically unheard of outside of Asia. Paan is a combination of betel leaves, tobacco, lime and areca nuts, and it is commonly prepared during festivities.

Betel leaves and Betel nuts are both often called betel but they are not the same plant.

Betel nut  – Areca catechu

 

Betel nut (the fruit of the areca palm) is a very popular recreational drug in Indonesia, India and all over southern Asia. It should  not to be mistaken with the other common recreational drug that is also called Betel, Piper betle, which is an entirely different plant.

Betel nuts are the dried and roasted fruits of the Areca catechu tree.

It is often consumed together with betel leaves.
This mixture is called paan and it is very popular in Asia but practically unheard of outside of Asia and the Middle East.

usual dosage is between 10 – 50 grams per day, per person, on average.

An average betel nut user chews between 10 – 50 grams a day.

The main active ingredient is arecoline (see below).

A picture showing the different ways Betel nuts (Arecha nuts) can be cut using an automated machine. The cuts from top left to right are: circul, chips one cut, chips two cut , rough, mamri, roasted cutting, diamond, gutkha, sadi cutting, sadi cutting 1, sadi cutting 2, fadcha.
Different ways betel nut is cut

 

Effects of Betel nut: the effects of betel nuts are best described as a combination of tobacco and caffeine, it’s a mild stimulant and mild mood enhancer.


Interesting: in Taiwan scantily dressed woman selling Betel are part of the accepted mainstream culture.

These so called “Betel nut beauties” can be seen alongside high-traffic roads all over Taiwan selling Betel and cigarettes.

On the picture is a "Betel nut girl". In Taiwan women dressed in lingerie sell paan, betel leaves, cigarettes and betel to drivers.
A scantily dressed “betel nut girl” selling betel nuts and cigarettes to drivers.

 

If you find this betel nut guide useful please give it a “+1”:

Thank you! It helps my website a lot.

 

Betel nut guide

 

Buy Betel nut – USA

You can buy Areca nuts in the US here:

Update: No longer sold in the US due to some changes in legislation (wholesale import is prohibited, small orders from outside the US are still fine).

Try ordering it from a European vendor below (they offer free international shipping).

 

Buy Betel nut – Netherlands

 

To buy areca nuts in the Netherlands go here:

Haven’t found any Dutch stores selling it.

Let me know in the comments below if you know of a place, where you can buy Betel nut in the Netherlands or anywhere in mainland Europe online.

 

 

Betel’s main active ingredient Arecoline and it’s effects

This is a picture of the chemical formula of arecoline. The formula of arecoline is Methyl 1-methyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine-3-carboxylate
Arecoline – main active ingredient in betel nuts

Arecoline is the primary active ingredient responsible for the betel nut high.

Arecoline’s effects has been compared to nicotine.

Arecoline is a mild stimulant and mood enhancer.

It also causes slight pupillary constriction and bronchial constriction.

Betel nuts – legal status

Country-by-country breakdown: 

It is only illegal to chew betel nuts in the United Arab Emirates.

BETEL NUT LEGAL STATUS
United Arab EmiratesIllegal

Betel nut chewing was outlawed in the UAE due to the high number of migrant workers from India, who brought this habit with them.

 

Betel consumption method, dosage and preparation

Betel nut consumption method:  chewing .

Insufflation is not possible and smoking is not effective.

People do not swallow the nut, they spit them out after chewing them for about 5-20 minutes.

Betel dosage

 

Betel nuts: usual dosage is between 10 – 50 grams per day, per person, on average.

 

Betel nut preparation

Betel nuts are dried and cut. They have a long shelf life.

There are many ways to cut betel nuts (see the picture at the beginning).

In Asia many vendors actually roast the betel nuts on the spot. This is mostly to attract customers who are enticed by the familiar and pungent smell of betel nuts but you don’t have to roast them.

 

Dangers of betel consumption

Excessive use of betel causes:

  • discoloration of  teeth
  • increased risk of oral cancer
  • loss of teeth

If betel is consumed with tobacco the risk is even higher!

Spitting out the chewed material in public spaces also poses a health risk. In crowded cities this biological contamination can help the spread of various diseases (it is banned in many cities).

There is also some evidence linking higher incidence of cardiovascular disease to more frequent use of betel.

Source: US national library of medicine – Mycotic pulmonary artery aneurysm: an unusual complication of ventriculo-atrial shunt

 

 

Betel health benefits

The main active ingredient in the betel plant (arecoline) has been shown to improve the learning ability of healthy volunteers.

Intravenous administration of arecoline also improved the  verbal and spatial memory of Alzheimer’s patients.

Source: Physostigmine and arecoline: effects of intravenous infusions in Alzheimer presenile dementia

Arecoline has also been used medicinally as an antihelmintic (a drug against parasitic worms).

Source: Pubmed – Oral submucous fibrosis in a 12-year-old Bangladeshi boy: a case report and review of literature

According to traditional Ayurvedic medicine, chewing betel leaf is a remedy for bad breath.

 

 

Betel nut trip reports

 

The following are trip reports of ordinary people from all over the web, who chewed betel nuts:

I started by chewing half a slice, just to be on the safe side. Immediately, there was a striking sensation in the mouth – this is a powerful astringent. Another very striking effect was the flood of saliva released. 

About a minute after I started chewing, I felt something very mild. At that time, I decided I had enough of the taste and spit it out. There was a marked lightheadedness, but that was about it for the effects. So I decided to go for a whole slice.

As I chewed on that one, I felt a rather rapid (but still mild) effect. I would be very hesitant to call it a “rush” though, since I tend to reserve that term for things like Speedballs or IV Ketamine.

This is one of those stimulants that are simultaneously sedating and stimulating.”

 

Source: Bluelight – Areca nut – Trip report

 

“In less than 10 minutes my arms and legs felt a tingle and I felt very lightheaded.

Colors seemed a bit brighter and my vision was slightly off, I can best describe it as looking at life like it was a movie you watch on the internet not quite fluid a bit choppy, like a strobe light effect minus the light. Are you following me? I continued to chew more nuts and experienced several peaks on this trip. All in all very pleasing and relaxing. I was as the song goes ‘Comfortably Numb’. I would give just one word of caution, don’t chew betel nut while driving, I did this last weekend and it was a bit frightening. It’s a fun way to spend an evening at home with friends or by yourself.”

Source: Erowid – Betel nut – Trip report

 

“I got some baked and sliced betel nuts in the mail today with some edible lime (NOT the fruit, but the mineral).

Once it was all mixed I stuffed it between my jaw and my cheek, like dip. I kept it in for the next 4 hours. I found it gave me a great little buzz. Slightly giddy and talkative. Similar to coffee only smoother. When I found the buzz was going down I would chew on it some more then put it back into the dip position.”

Source: Erowid – Betel nut – Trip report

 

 

If you find this betel nut guide useful please give it a “+1”:

Thank you! It helps my website a lot.

 

 

Some of the information presented here might be outdated or incorrect (check “last updated” below). Make sure, that if you are planning to try out any of the substances to research them yourself as well.

I’m 100% committed to safe and responsible legal high consumption. If you have a few minutes to spare please read my blog post about responsible and safe legal drugs use

Betel nuts are only one of the legal highs included in Simon’s legal high guide, check out the others as well.

If you are only interested in legal stimulants, then check out Simon’s Legal Stimulants for more.

Last updated: 2015 10. 21

Simon’s Sida Cordifolia Guide


Sida cordifolia (a.k.a Country mallow, Bala, Heart-leaf ,Sida, Flannel weed, Indian Ephedra) is a small shrub native to India, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka.

However, country mallow has spread all over the world and can be found in most countries.

If Ephedra sinica is for some reason illegal or not available in your country, Country mallow is the best Ephedra substitute, which you can buy online.

It contains the same alkaloids as Ephedra.

Country mallow is much milder than Ephedra, to get the same effects you need much more (see dosage).

In certain countries Ephedra is illegal but County mallow is still legally bought and sold.

/Not to mention, because Ephedra is the most popular legal stimulant, it is often out of stock or overpriced, in that case, Sida cordifolia can be a good alternative./


Sida cordifolia effects: the effects are the same as that of Ephedra and any Ephedrine containing plants:

  • mood enhancing,
  • enhancing concentration,
  • increased alertness/focus,
  • stimulating,
  • amphetamine like effects.

Just like Ephedra, this is not simply a caffeine alternative!

This is a genuine legal high that gets you “high” (the high is described as amphetamine like by various trip reports).

Be careful, because it suppresses the effects of alcohol and you can easily overdrink yourself, resulting in alcohol poisoning.

 

A close up photograph of a blooming country mallow plant. Sida cordifolia - a herbal stimulant and appetite suppressant - is often called country mallow or mallow flower. It is most known as an Ephedra substitute.
Sida cordifolia plant (a.k.a country mallow, mallow flower)

 

 

Sida cordifolia guide

 

 

Places to buy Sida cordifolia

 

Buy Sida cordifolia -USA

Buy Country mallow /shipped from the US, credit cards accepted/
Update: only seeds are available for sale, for now.

 

Buy Sida cordifolia -Netherlands

Buy Sida cordifolia, Ephedra alternative /shipped from the Netherlands/
Update: only seeds are available for sale, for now.

 

 

Sida cordifolia’s main active ingredients and their effects

 

Just like in case of Ephedra, the main active ingredient are Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine.

Ephedra tea has typically a concentration of around 1-5% and extracts usually have between 5-25%+ ephedrine concentration.

The concentration is said to be lower in Sida cordifolia.

But exactly how less active ingredients it contain has not been established reliably.

 

This a picture of an Ephedrine molecule. The chemical formula of Ephedrine is: (R*,S*)-2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpropan-1-ol.
Ephedrin
This a picture of an Pseudoephedrin molecule. The chemical formula of Pseudoephedrin is: (S,S)-2-methylamino-1-phenylpropan-1-ol.
Pseudoephedrin

 

 

 

 

Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine – legal stimulant and herbal appetite suppressant

 

Ephedrine and Pseudoepherine act as stimulants, concentration aids, decongestants, herbal appetite suppressants, and are used to treat hypotension (low blood presure).

They are also CNS (central nervous system) stimulants similar to amphetamine and they induce the release of dopamine and noradrenalin (making you feel better, the typical amphetamine like high) but the effect compared to amphetamines is less pronounced.

 

 

Sida cordifolia – legal status

 

Sida cordifolia is only illegal in countries, which have a blanket ban  in place against ephedrine containing plants. These are:

 Sida cordifolia legal status
 Croatia illegal
 Finland illegal
 Germany illegal
 Hungary illegal
 Netherlands illegal

 

 

However, the law is very ambiguous, when it comes to Sida cordifolia, not to mention compared to Ephedra, Country mallow is much less regulated.

There is very little, reliable information available online regarding the legal status of Country mallow and other ephedrine containing plants (except Ephedra).

If you know more please let me know in the comments below.

 

Sources:

Erowid – Ephedra law

Erowid- Ephedrine law

Wikipedia – Legal status of Ephedra in the United States of America

Wikipedia – Ephedrine – Legality

 

 

Sida cordifolia methods of consumption, preparation, dosage

 

The only known way to effectively consume Sida cordifolia is to brew a tea from the root of the plant.

For a stronger dose grind the root into a fine powder and then brew a tea  (or buy ready-made standardized root extract).

 

Country mallow is said to contain much less active ingredients than Ephedra (according to forum posts, could not find any studies confirming this).

However, the main active ingredient is ephedrine, therefore you can can calculate the dosage  the same way you would do it with Ephedra.

The dosage of ephedrine is between 25 mg to 150 mg when used in a hospital setting (depends on age, gender, weight, height, illnesses etc…).

Use the following formula:

(X grams) x  (Y Ephedrine concentration) = Z

——————————————————–

X= grams of Country mallow

Y= Ephedrine concentration of Country mallow in %

Z= your dose, Z should be between 25 – 150 mg (0,025 – 0,150 grams)

————————————————————–
Example:

Your Sida cordifolia has an Ehedrine concentration of 1% and you bought 200 grams.

200 g x 0.01 = 2 g

So, Z=2 g (2000 mg) , therefore your amount of Sida cordifolia  is enough for 13.3 strong doses.

 

Country mallow dosage calculator

 

Use the Country mallow dosage calculator to calculate dosage (opens in a new window).

 

UPDATE:  Due to a Google sheets upgrade, the embedded calculator is no longer working.
However, you can access the Sida cordifolia dosage calculator here
(it opens in a new window).

 

 

Dangers of Sida cordifolia

 

There has been absolutely no research done to determine the dangers of Country mallow mallow consumption.

However, it is known that the plant contains Ephedrine, therefore the following precautions must be taken (also do not exceed recommended safe dosage).

If used responsibly ephedrine is very safe to use as long as you don’t have any heart disease or high-blood pressure.

Ephedrine raises heartbeat frequency, causes restlessness, can alleviate panic attack, significantly raises blood pressure and can cause excessive sweating.

/Keep in mind, that blood pressure – even very high blood pressure – is largely symptom free.

If you don’t know how high your blood pressure is or whether you have any heart problems I would suggest talking to your GP (general practitioner) and have your blood pressure measured and have your heart checked before taking any ephedrine containing plants or products./

Heath benefits of Sida cordifolia

 

The plant is used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of inflammation of the oral mucosa, blenorrhea, asthmatic bronchitis and nasal congestion.

It is also used as a healing herb in many parts of Africa for various ailments, particularly for respiratory problems.
Sida cordifolia has been investigated as an anti-inflammatory, for preventing cell proliferation,  and for encouraging liver re-growth.

A 50% ethanolic extract of Sida cordifolia tested on rats showed potent antioxidant and antiinflammatory activity comparable with the standard drug deprenyl. The plant has demonstrated anti-pyretic and anti-ulcerogenic properties.

The aqueous extract of Sida cordifolia stimulates liver regeneration in rats.

 

Sources:

 

Weight loss

Sida cordifolia contains both ephedrine and pseudoephedrine.

Ephedrine is also used to treat low blood pressure and is sometimes given to people with chronic fatigue syndrome.

Ephedrine promotes modest short-term fat loss, but it is ineffective in the long term.

Source: Pubmed – Efficacy and safety of ephedra and ephedrine for weight loss and athletic performance: a meta-analysis

Animal experiments demonstrated, that ephedrine is known to stimulate thermogenesis in the brown adipose tissue, but because adult humans have only small amounts of brown fat, the possible fat loss is negligible.

According to some studies aspirin and caffeine have a synergistic effect with ephedrine with respect to weight loss.

Source: Handbook of Obesity: Clinical Applications

Ephedrine+Caffeine+Aspirin is known as ECA stack and is used by professional bodybuilders before competitions to get rid of the last remaining deposits of fat (coupled with strict exercise regime and with a very strict diet of course).

ECA stacks can be very dangerous, irresponsible use can lead to death.

 

Buy Sida cordifolia -USA

Buy Country mallow /shipped from the US, credit cards accepted/
Update: only seeds are available for sale, for now.

Buy Sida cordifolia -Netherlands

Buy Sida cordifolia, Ephedra alternative /shipped from the Netherlands/
Update: only seeds are available for sale, for now.

 

 

Sida cordifolia trip reports

 

I brewed another cup of Indian Ephedra, this time using 10 grams of root and thoroughly grinding the material.

It first hits as a general feeling of well being, and then suddenly you’re doing tasks with full mental coherency and much quicker than usual. Very reminiscent of amphetamine, but quite distinct at the same time. It’s more mellow, more euphoric, and the body load is certainly less. I consumed possibly up to 100 mg of Ephedrin in the brew, which is a strong dose, and my heartbeat is elevated but nowhere near where it would be on amphetamine.”

Source: Drugs Forum – Sida cordifolia trip report

 

 

Share your own trip report in the comment section below (to ensure anonymity don’t use your real name or real email address when submitting trip reports)!

 

 

Some of the information presented here might be outdated or incorrect (check “last updated” below). Make sure, that if you are planning to try out any of the substances to research them yourself as well.

I’m 100% committed to safe and responsible legal high consumption. If you have a few minutes to spare please read my blog post about responsible and safe legal drugs use

 

 

Sida cordifolia is only one of the legal highs included in Simon’s legal high guide, check out the others as well.

If you are only interested in legal stimulants, then check out Simon’s Legal Stimulants for more.

 

Last updated: 2015. 10. 21